Preprofessional Health Programs and Internships

See also the Institute for Healthcare Professions

Medicine, Dentistry and Veterinary Medicine

Albion College maintains a strong program for the preparation of students for admission to professional schools in medicine and dentistry. A premedical, pre-veterinary or pre-dental student may major in any discipline in which he or she has interest and ability. Most of our students choose to major in biology or chemistry, but any major may be pursued, as long as the basic science and other requirements of the health professions schools are met. Regardless of the major chosen, the premedical, pre-veterinary or pre-dental student should plan to take the following minimum required courses. All science courses require laboratory work.

Biology, one year (Biology 195, 210)*
Inorganic Chemistry, one year (Chemistry 121, 123)
Organic Chemistry, one year (Chemistry 211, 212)
Biochemistry, one semester (Chemistry or Biology 337)
Physics, one year (Physics 115, 116)
Math, one semester (Math 125-Precalculus (Functions), 141-Calculus, and/or Math 209-Statistics)
English, one year (English 101 or 203-composition and one English literature course)
Additional humanities and social science courses required by many professional schools

*Most professional schools also require at least one upper-level biology course. Be sure to consult with the Institute for Healthcare Professions about the prerequisite course work required for professional schools you are considering. All new members of the Institute are issued an Institute Advising Guide during Albion’s Student Orientation, Advising, and Registration (SOAR) program which includes detailed information about applying to professional school.


Allied Health Professions

Albion College maintains courses appropriate for preparing students for admission to programs in physician assistant, nursing, physical therapy, occupational therapy, optometry, pharmacy, and public health (please note this is not an exhaustive list). Unlike medical, dental, and veterinary schools, these programs are quite varied in their requirements. Be sure to consult with the Institute for Healthcare Professions about the prerequisite course work required for professional schools you are considering. All new members of the Institute are issued an Institute Advising Guide during Albion’s Student Orientation, Advising, and Registration (SOAR) program which includes detailed information about applying to professional school.

General Information

For many healthcare professional schools, prerequisite course work should be completed by the end of the junior year in preparation for taking the admissions test for professional schools unless you plan to take a transitional year between graduating from college and beginning your graduate training. Please note that healthcare students are expected to take courses in the arts, humanitites, and social sciences as well as the natural sciences. In planning their Albion course work, students should check the current admission requirements of specific professional schools in which they are interested.

Experiential learning is also very important. In addition to their regular courses, a number of preprofessional students take advantage of the undergraduate practicum/internship program offered by Albion College. All members of the Institute for Healthcare Professions are required to complete at least one 40-hour documented experiential learning project (DELP). All these programs allow students to gain firsthand experience in the hospital, clinic, or offices of a supervising physician, dentist, or other professional, and thus expand their understanding of the profession of their choice. Interested students should consult the staff of the Institute for Healthcare Professions for more information.

Students considering a healthcare profession should apply to the Institute as well as to Albion College. Beginning at SOAR and continuing throughout students’ college experience, the Institute staff works with students in long-range curriculum planning. The Institute also provides students with information and assistance while they are preparing for and applying to professional schools.


Combined Preprofessional Courses

Students planning professional careers are urged to complete a bachelor's degree from Albion before entering a professional school. Albion has, however, established "combined course" arrangements with a number of accredited professional schools in career areas such as engineering, health sciences, natural resources and public policy. A student who has met both Albion's requirements for the combined course program and those established by the particular professional school enters the professional school at the end of his or her junior year at Albion College. After the successful completion of the equivalent of 7.5 units, the student qualifies for a bachelor of arts degree from Albion. After completion of the professional program, the student qualifies for the professional degree from the other school or the opportunity to earn certification. Students may obtain information on approved combined course programs from the registrar.

Albion College Requirements for Combined Courses

In order to qualify for the combined course arrangements, the student must:

  • Complete at least 23 units of college credit, 15 units of which must be earned at Albion.
  • Maintain a minimum cumulative average of 2.5.
  • Complete the core requirement, the writing competence requirement and a minimum of four units toward a major.
  • Make application in writing to the registrar for the combined course privilege. This application must be submitted during the junior year and receive the endorsement of the Academic Status and Petitions Committee. Application forms are available in the Registrar's Office.

In addition to the general requirements above, the student should make sure that the requirements for admission to the professional school of his/her choice have been met.

Dual-Degree Program in Engineering

Students in the dual-degree program in engineering typically spend three years at Albion and develop a strong background in science and mathematics, gaining this knowledge in a liberal arts-focused environment. They then transfer to an engineering school and usually complete an additional two years of study. (Albion has a formal arrangement with Columbia University and a longstanding relationship with the University of Michigan.)

Students graduate with two degrees: a B.A. from Albion (typically in physics, or mathematics), and a B.S. degree in engineering from the transfer school.

Academic Program—The academic requirements for the dual-degree program in engineering appear in the Programs of Study section of this catalog.

Admission—Students in the dual-degree program in engineering have a strong background in mathematics and science, very good academic performance, and a desire to pursue the engineering profession. To be eligible for program admission, students must declare the dual-degree engineering major in either mathematics or physics, write a personal essay, complete a personal interview with the program director, and have at least a 2.5 overall GPA, as well as at least a 2.5 GPA in completed courses in the science division. Although these program admission requirements should normally be completed by the end of a student’s first year at Albion, late admission requests are considered by the Engineering Advisory Committee as needed.

Apply to the dual-degree program in engineering.

Contact the director for more information.

Health Sciences

Students may pursue combined course plans through accredited programs in dentistry, pharmacy and nursing. A number of professional schools offer dual-degree programs that can be arranged with permission of Albion's registrar. See the Institute for Healthcare Professions section for more information.

Natural Resources Areas

Albion College maintains course arrangements with the Nicholas School of the Environment at Duke University. A student in the 3-2 program, upon completing all requirements, will receive the bachelor of arts degree from Albion College and one of two master's degrees from Duke University. The Duke University School of the Environment offers nine programs under two degrees. The forest resource management program is offered under the master of forestry degree. The other eight programs (coastal environmental management, conservation science and policy, environmental economics and policy, ecosystem science and management, energy and environment, environmental health and security, global environmental change, and water and air resources) are offered under the master of environmental management degree. Two certificate programs, energy and environment and geospatial analysis, can be pursued with any of these degree programs.

Off-Campus Study

Albion students may participate in a wide variety of off-campus study, study/internship, or study/research programs throughout the world and in the United States. These opportunities are designed to enhance a liberal arts education through developing interpersonal or cross-cultural skills, awareness of other cultures or an appreciation of the work environment.

Students in any major may choose to study off-campus. Some students study away for one semester; others select two different semester-long programs or spend an academic year abroad on one program. Finally, some students participate in summer programs. Please contact the Center for International Education (CIE), Vulgamore Hall, for more information.

Policies and Procedures

Eligibility Requirements

The requirements for study off-campus are as follows:

  • Junior or senior standing. (Sophomores in the Modern Languages and Cultures for the Professions track are also eligible.)
  • A cumulative grade point average of 2.7. Some programs require a level of preparation and a demonstrated proficiency well above a cumulative grade point average of 2.7. A student interested in a particular off-campus program should confirm that he or she has the necessary qualifications either with the program adviser or the director of the CIE.
  • Demonstrated maturity commensurate with the demands of the off-campus program.
  • Successful completion of the Writing Competence Examination before attending an off-campus program.
  • Good social standing (as determined by the Office of the Vice President for Student Affairs).

Meeting these minimum qualifications does not necessarily entitle a student to participate in the program. A complete list of policies and procedures is found in the Off-Campus Programs Handbook.

Transfer students must spend at least two semesters on the Albion campus and meet all other requirements before undertaking any off-campus study.

The Application Process

Application deadlines are in mid-September for spring semester and mid-February for fall, academic year, and summer programs. Long before the application deadline, students can obtain information and consultation about off-campus programs from the Center for International Education (CIE), the Career and Internship Center (CIC) for domestic internship programs, and from the faculty advisers to the individual programs. Students need to consider carefully how an off-campus program fits into their studies at Albion. All prospective off-campus study students must meet with the director of CIE (for international programs) or the staff of CIC (for domestic programs). After selecting the appropriate off-campus program, a student then begins the application process.

There are two applications, one for Albion College and one for the specific off-campus program. The Off-Campus Programs Advisory Committee, composed of administration and faculty representatives from each of the four divisions of the College, approves or denies permission for off-campus study. The CIE or CIC then forwards program applications to the appropriate programs. A program may accept or deny a student's application. However, in almost every case, a student who is approved by Albion will be accepted by the off-campus program.

Once a student is accepted for off-campus study, he or she needs to:

  • Attend a mandatory general orientation meeting. Parents are also invited to this meeting.
  • Pay a $250 deposit, due the day of the orientation meeting. This deposit is credited to the student's account.
  • Attend a required international program orientation meeting (for students studying overseas). Parents are also invited to this orientation.
  • Complete a post-program evaluation form.


Tuition for semester and year-long off-campus programs usually does not exceed what a student pays for regular tuition on campus. However, when costs exceed those of Albion College's regular fees, students will be required to pay the difference. Off-campus program room and/or board charges will be passed directly on to the student and assessed on his/her student account. (Note: Fees for most summer programs are higher than Albion's, and students will be charged the higher amount.) Students are billed through Albion College and must have paid the amount in full prior to beginning the off-campus program. Other important items to note about costs for off-campus study include:

  • There is a one-time per program off-campus administrative fee that is added to the regular Albion fees. (Please go to the "Tuition and Fees" section for details.)
  • Costs for transportation to and from an off-campus study program are the responsibility of the student.
  • Financial aid applies to all semester and academic-year off-campus programs on the list of programs approved for Albion credit. This aid includes merit-based academic scholarships (75% of regular award amount) and need-based financial aid (100%). Please contact the Student Financial Services Office about your specific award package. (Note: Albion financial aid is not available for summer programs.)
  • Check the Off-Campus Programs Web site for information about additional aid for off-campus study, i.e., Albion College off-campus program grants, federal grants, and links to a study abroad scholarship search engine.
  • Deferred payment plans such as Academic Management Services are not available for off-campus programs.

Credit and Grades

  • Academic and internship credit for Albion College-approved off-campus programs will transfer back to the campus as if the student were on campus. Usually, the equivalent of 4.0 units of credit per semester and 8.0 units of credit per academic year will apply. However, some programs may have more or less credit.
  • Students may count up to two semesters and one summer session of off-campus study toward graduation. Off-campus units may not exceed 10.0 Albion units.
  • Students attending an Albion-approved program or a program approved on a one-time-only basis must attend the program as an Albion student to receive credit.
  • All off-campus courses will be taken for numerical grades, unless the student specifically requests, in writing, grades of credit/no credit.
  • All internships are graded credit/no credit.
  • Successful completion of an off-campus program abroad (or the Border Studies program) for at least one semester, along with submission of a journal, fulfills the global studies category requirement.
  • Off-campus semesters are not considered when determining eligibility for the Dean's List and/or Albion Fellows recognition.
  • Students may complete core requirements while attending an off-campus program only if they obtain written authorization in advance from the registrar.
  • For category requirements, the chair of the appropriate category committee must approve an off-campus program's course for that category requirement. Students must petition the category committee for approval before attending the program.
  • Courses taken for a major or for teacher certification must be taken for a numerical grade unless written permission for a credit/no credit grade is obtained in advance from the department chair.
  • Participating in an off-campus program during the last semester of the senior year may delay graduation.

Students who fail to follow College procedures regarding off-campus study, or who withdraw or take a leave of absence from Albion and thus circumvent existing College regulations regarding off-campus study, will not receive credit for course work done off-campus.

Albion College will not endorse a program or offer credit for courses or programs that are located in areas under a travel warning by the United States Department of State. Exceptions to this may be granted by the College president on the recommendation of the provost and director of the Center for International Education.


There is a reentry orientation session for students returning to Albion from off-campus programs. The CIE and faculty work with returning students to help them integrate the knowledge and skills gained during their experience into their campus academic program.

Once the returning student has finished all the necessary course work on the off-campus program and completed the post-program evaluation/assessment forms, credit from the program is transferred to the student's Albion College record. With proper planning, a student should not lose any time toward graduation.

Center for International Education (CIE)

The mission of the Center for International Education is to promote intercultural communication and exchange, cross-cultural understanding, and transnational competence between the people of Albion College and the global community. The CIE coordinates more than 120 off-campus study, research and academic internship programs in about 40 countries plus the U.S. To see information about off-campus programs approved for Albion credit, please visit the Off-Campus Programs website.


Botswana—Students spend a semester at the University of Botswana in Gaborone, where they take an intensive course in Setswana, the language spoken by 75 percent of the people in the region. Additional courses include an elective in the social sciences or humanities, a course relative to the student's major, and an independent study project. Associated Colleges of the Midwest (ACM) coordinates this program. There is no language prerequisite.

Cameroon—"Social Pluralism and Development," a School for International Training (SIT) program, offers intensive language study, field study, and courses in history, geography and politics. The semester-long program is offered in fall and spring and requires three semesters of college French and the ability to follow course work in French. Based in Yaoundé, Cameroon's political capital, the program also spends extensive time in other regions of Cameroon, including a two-week stay in the northern town of Ngaoundéré. Students primarily live with local host families.

Egypt—The American University in Cairo (AUC) offers a liberal arts education taught in English. Students take four to five classes each semester (fall or spring) and have the opportunity to learn Arabic and experience cultural immersion and classroom learning. Students live in university housing.

Ghana—This 15-week program sponsored by the School for International Training (SIT) focuses on “Social Transformation and Cultural Expression.” Offered in fall and spring semesters, it is based in the capital of Accra, where students attend lectures at the Institute of African Studies at the University of Ghana. Students can explore Ghana’s rich artistic heritage and learn about historical factors affecting the country’s present-day political, economic, social and artistic processes. Students live with local host families.

Kenya—Students who wish to spend a fall or spring semester in Kenya may apply for the Urbanization, Health, and Human Rights program based in Nairobi and Kisumu. Students study Swahili, take courses, and do independent research projects. Homestays and educational excursions are integral to the experiences in this SIT program.

In the Comparative Wildlife Management Studies program students visit multiple national parks and group ranches and contrast conservation issues in the Amboseli-Tsavo ecosystem just north of Mount Kilimanjaro in Kenya with those of the Tarangire-Manyara ecosystem of northern Tanzania. Participants in this semester-long School for Field Studies (SFS) program take three courses and complete an independent study project. A summer option is available.

Sénégal—Two different programs are available in Dakar, Sénégal. The Council on International Educational Exchange (CIEE) offers a semester program at the Université Cheikh Anta Diop (UCAD) in which students study French and Wolof and may also take courses in English. Students live with Sénégalese families. Opportunities for community service and internships are available. An SIT program, “National Identity and the Arts,” immerses students in Sénégalese life and culture and engages them in creating and performing West African art forms. Course work is taught in English and French; students learn Wolof and conduct an independent study project. Housing is with local families. These programs are offered in the fall and spring semesters.

South Africa—Albion is privileged to have a special relationship with the University of Cape Town in the city of Cape Town, South Africa. Students may spend either the fall or spring semester studying in a wide variety of academic areas. Some community service-based internships are also possible. Students live in apartments or on campus in a dormitory.

Multiculturalism and human rights are the focus of a School for International Training (SIT) program based in Cape Town. Students in this semester-long program complete four homestays with families of different geographical and cultural backgrounds. Experiential learning is combined with study of the Xhosa language, courses, field-based assignments, and educational excursions to develop a multidisciplinary understanding of the country. Another SIT program, “Social and Political Transformation,” is based in Durban and provides opportunities for course work, independent research, educational excursions and learning of the Zulu language. Students experience both urban and rural homestays. These programs are offered in the fall and spring semesters.

Tanzania—This fall semester field study program, “Ecology and Human Origins,” is taught at the University of Dar es Salaam by Associated Colleges of the Midwest (ACM). It features the ecology of the Maasai ecosystem and immersion in Tanzanian culture through study of the Kiswahili language, field trips, homestays with local families and living with Tanzanian students in university dormitories.


China—By arrangement with the Council on International Educational Exchange (CIEE), Albion offers students semester or full-year programs at three locations in mainland China: Beijing, Shanghai, and Nanjing. Mandarin language studies are integral to each program. Studies in Beijing and Nanjing require at least one year of Chinese. There is no language prerequisite for the Shanghai program, which focuses on business and culture. Housing may be with host families or in residence halls with either CIEE or international roommates. In addition, IES Abroad offers two programs in Beijing for a semester or academic year: one is a language-intensive program and the other addresses contemporary issues in China. Students live in residence halls. Some summer options are possible.

India—Associated Colleges of the Midwest (ACM) offers a fall semester junior year experience in Pune, India, that focuses on developing a broad understanding of Indian society and culture and gaining knowledge about India's environmental, cultural, and development issues. The program begins with a three-week orientation and includes instruction in the Marathi language. Housing is with host families. A summer session is also available.

“Buddhist Studies in India,” a fall program provided by Antioch University, allows students to explore Buddhism in Bodh Gaya, the center of the Buddhist world. Participants live with fellow students in a Buddhist community, engage in rigorous academic classes, receive meditation instruction from masters in three Buddhist traditions—Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana—and complete an independent study project.

The University of Hyderabad is the location for the CIEE program, “Arts and Sciences in Hyderabad,” offered in either fall or spring semesters. Students can choose from a wide range of academic subject areas plus Hindi language, Indian dance and music, and other cultural topics. Housing options include homestays and residence halls. Excursions are an integral part of the program as are many opportunities for volunteering in the community.

Japan—Albion offers programs in four Japanese cities: Tokyo, Hikone, Kyoto, and Nagoya.

The Japan Studies Program, managed through Earlham College, is located in the international division of Waseda University in Tokyo. Instruction is in English, but students study Japanese as part of the program. The full-year program includes a one-month cultural practicum with an internship in a local community. Participants live with Japanese families. A one-semester option is also available in the spring. CIEE offers one- or two-semester programs at Sophia University, a well-known university in Tokyo. Students may live with a host family or in a Japanese student residence hall. The Summer Session of Asian Studies at Sophia University offers intensive Japanese language study as well as opportunities for international and Japanese students to study together in seminar classes taught in English. Home stays are integral to the program.

In Hikone, the Japan Center for Michigan Universities provides intensive Japanese language instruction at four levels, from beginning to advanced, in year-long, semester and summer programs. Students are able to experience many aspects of Japanese culture and life through cultural presentations and interaction in the community.

The IES Abroad Nagoya Program, with full-year and semester options, is offered at a distinguished private institution, Nanzan University, which is located on a wooded campus on a hill above Nagoya. Students may live in homestays or dormitories. Nagoya is one of Japan's major cities and an important industrial and cultural center.

Japan and its Buddhist traditions are the focus of the Antioch University program in Kyoto. Participants can study Buddhism in theory while engaging in Buddhist practices, learning Japanese and pursuing academic interests. Classes are taught at Ryukoku University in the fall semester, and students experience Buddhist culture by living as “lay pilgrims” in a nearby temple hostel.

South Korea—Albion students may study at the International Undergraduate Division of Yonsei University in Seoul, South Korea, for a full year, semester or summer. Courses are taught in English, but students may take Korean language classes. Students live in residence halls on campus.

Thailand—Situated in Khon Kaen, CIEE’s “Development and Globalization” program helps students gain an understanding of the complexities of these issues at both an academic and a grassroots community level and their roles as global citizens. Cultural immersion occurs through community stays, translated exchanges, Thai student roommates and peer tutors. Students may choose from a variety of courses that focus on personal development, group peer learning and consensus decision making. This program is offered in the fall and spring semesters.


Province of Queensland—International Studies Abroad (ISA) sponsors two programs in Brisbane available in both the fall and spring semesters. The University of Queensland offers courses in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander studies, Australian studies, botany, business/management, marine science, psychology, religion and zoology. At Griffith University fields of study include tourism, communication, music, information technology, environmental science, film and television studies, commerce and multimedia. Students in both programs live in university residences.

James Cook University, another ISA program, is located in Townsville near the Great Barrier Reef. A world leader in environmental and biological research, it also has strong programs in education, psychology, business, creative arts, health and social sciences. Students may enroll during fall or spring semester. Housing is in residence halls.

The School of Field Studies Center for Rainforest Studies focuses on the ecology of Australia's rainforest and looks at issues of rainforest management and restoration. Participants apply their knowledge to the surrounding area by working on projects with community members. Students take three courses and complete an independent study project. Housing is provided in the Center. A summer option is available.

Province of New South Wales—The University of Newcastle is located two hours north of Sydney. Subjects offered include: Aboriginal studies, environmental studies, management and business, geography and geology, Australian history, film and literature, psychology and sociology, music, visual arts and graphic design, communication studies, and education. Housing is in university residences. This ISA program is available in both the spring and fall semesters.

ISA coordinates three semester programs in the Sydney area: Macquarie University, the University of Wollongong, and the International College of Management Sydney (ICMS). Academic highlights at Macquarie are Aboriginal studies, business, communications, history, biology, psychology, sociology, languages and education. The University of Wollongong is widely recognized for its interdisciplinary and cross-disciplinary research strengths in these major areas: materials and manufacturing, policy and social impact, and communications and information. ICMS specializes in business, tourism, event management, retail services management, property services management, hospitality management, and sports management. Internship opportunities are available in hospitality management. Each of these programs offers on-campus housing.

The Boston University (BU) Sydney Internship offers a work experience combined with course work on Australia's dynamic history and its contemporary culture and place in the modern world. Internship areas include advertising and public relations, arts and arts administration, business and economics, film, radio and television, health and human services, hospitality administration, journalism and politics. Fall, spring, and summer programs are available. Housing is furnished at the BU Sydney Center.

New Zealand

Dunedin—The University of Otago in Dunedin is New Zealand's oldest and most prestigious university. The main activity of the host city is education. Academic highlights are earth and ocean sciences, environmental sciences, biological sciences, medical sciences, social sciences and New Zealand studies. Sponsored by ISA, the program is offered both fall and spring semesters. Students live in residence halls or in shared flats with New Zealander students.

Auckland—Studying for a semester or a year at the University of Auckland is an academic and cultural experience you will never forget. It is the only New Zealand university to be ranked in the top 65 universities in the world and is the country's leading research university. The University of Auckland offers courses in anthropology, archaeology, art history, Asian studies, history, Maori studies, business and management, psychology, physical sciences and more. In this ISA program, students have a variety of housing options: catered dormitories, apartments or shared flats.


British West Indies—At the School for Field Studies Center for Marine Resource Management Studies, located in the Turks and Caicos Islands, students confront the challenges of fisheries management. They study how to develop and manage the fisheries, park and reserves for the benefit of residents and visitors without degrading valuable marine resources. Students take three courses and complete an independent study project during the semester-long program. They also are involved in the local community. Housing is provided in the Center. A summer option is available.

Dominican Republic—The Council on International Educational Exchange (CIEE) offers a program at the Pontificia Universidad Catolica Madre y Maestra in Santiago, Dominican Republic, for Spanish language and Caribbean area studies. Students may participate in the program in either the fall or spring semesters. Housing is with families. CIEE offers an eight-week summer program in Santiago that focuses on community public health.


Austria—Students can choose from three programs offered by IES Abroad with options to spend a summer, semester or academic year in Vienna. The “European Society and Culture” program is designed for students with an interest in culture, history and politics. A music program provides firsthand experience in the rich musical traditions of Vienna. Courses in the programs are offered in both English and German. Field trips are organized to ski resorts and to neighboring countries depending upon the season. A summer music program for music majors is also available.

Belgium—Students interested in European studies or international relations may choose to do a semester-long political internship with an English-speaking member of the European Union (EU) in Brussels. Knowledge of French is not required although a French class is offered. Students may opt between home stays or sharing an apartment with other international students or Belgian students. This program is administered by Educational Programmes Abroad (EPA).

Czech Republic—The Council on International Educational Exchange (CIEE) hosts Central European Studies at Charles University and the Film and Television School of the Academy of the Performing Arts in Prague. A background in European studies is recommended, i.e., history, sociology, economics, political science, language or literature. Most courses are taught in English. Students are required to take one Czech language course including two weeks of intensive language training during orientation. Housing options include homestays, residence halls, or apartments. This program is offered in the fall and spring semesters.

France—Albion provides two study abroad opportunities in Grenoble, France, located in the heart of the French Alps. A semester or full-year French language program is offered at the Centre Universitaire d'Etudes Françaises (CUEF), Université de Grenoble III. Both language and non-language majors may participate, although students are expected to take two courses each semester in French language with three other courses in related areas. An international business and management program is available at the Grenoble Ecole de Management (GEM). Classes are taught in English, although an intensive French class is required. Upon completion of one semester, a student receives an International Business Certificate. A bachelor's in international business may be awarded for one full year of study. Albion provides an on-site resident director for the Grenoble programs. Students live with families in or near Grenoble, and efforts are made to place students with little or no knowledge of French with families who speak some English.

The Boston University Paris Internship Program combines intensive French language study and liberal arts courses in French with an eight-week internship during the course of a semester. Participants may choose to live either in a dormitory or with a family.

The Institute for American Universities (IAU) College in Aix-en-Provence offers a variety of courses through its School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Business Administration Program, French Honors Program and Marchutz School of Fine Art. Students must enroll in one French language class. Regular classes are taught in English or French. Semester, summer and year-long sessions are available. Housing is with a French family.

French language students may study for a year or a semester at a Council on International Educational Exchange (CIEE) program in Rennes, which is the capital of Brittany and is located just two hours west of Paris by train. The university is divided into two campuses, Rennes I (science) and Rennes II (humanities). Rennes II is the center for CIEE.

Albion maintains a student exchange program in the fall and spring semesters with the University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ), located near Paris. Most courses of study and orientation programs are taught in French and require several semesters of French language classes. Some courses are taught in English in the following departments: international studies, international relations, European and Atlantic studies, economics (business), American literature and cinema, media studies, medieval literature, and English literature. Housing is in university apartments.

Germany—The American Junior Year at Heidelberg University provides a semester, summer, or full year in Heidelberg through the auspices of Heidelberg College (Ohio). Students choose from a variety of classes, live in apartments with German students and participate in community activities. Antioch College offers a spring semester or full-year program with language study at the Goethe Institute and course work at Eberhard-Karls Universitat in Tubingen. This program can include independent research, internships or part-time work. Students are housed in residence halls.

IES Abroad’s Language and Area Studies Program in Freiburg has options for semester or academic year study. A minimum of four semesters of college-level German is required. Students live with both German and other international students. Cultural immersion is encouraged through field trips and excursions. Freiburg is also the home to the IES European Union Program, a multi-country program on politics, economics, business and international relations offered in the fall or spring semesters. Taught in English, the program features an integrative seminar that incorporates about 21 days of field study to travel to numerous countries inside and outside the European Union. Cities visited may include Berlin, Prague, Brussels, Paris, Frankfurt, Strasbourg, Luxembourg and others.

Two semester-long academic internship programs are available in Germany. The Educational Programmes Abroad (EPA) Bonn/Berlin program combines academic course work with an internship opportunity in fields such as politics and law, business, health science, arts, education and nature conservancy. Students either reside with local host families or in apartments. The Boston University Dresden Internship combines an intensive language immersion program and course work with an internship placement in areas including health and human services, international organizations/NGOs, politics and international relations, and pre-law.

Greece—The American College of Thessaloniki (ACT) has both semester and summer programs. Classes are taught in English, and students can take elementary Greek as well as many other courses. ACT also offers internships in local businesses. Students in education can go for the summer program and also get credit for working at a children's camp. While the campus sits up in the hills above Thessaloniki, students live in shared apartments in the downtown area.

College Year in Athens is an independent study program that offers full-year, semester and summer programs in ancient Greek civilization and East Mediterranean area studies. These two multidisciplinary tracks encourage the selection of related courses. Areas of study include art and archaeology, classical languages, ethnography, history, modern Greek language, philosophy, political science and religion. Students live in apartments provided by the program.

Hungary—The Budapest Semesters in Mathematics program is specifically designed for mathematics majors. Classes are taught in English by Hungarian professors. An optional two-week intensive language class is available at the beginning of the semester. The imprint of the Hungarian tradition is particularly prominent in some of the courses. Students live in shared houses/apartments in Budapest.

Ireland—Students may study for a semester or a full year at University College Cork (UCC), one of four constituent universities of the federal National University of Ireland, located in Cork, Ireland. UCC offers a wide variety of course work in arts, Celtic studies, social sciences, law, business, science, engineering, food science, and medicine and health. There are also limited internship options at UCC and a summer session. UCC arranges housing for Albion students.

Studio art students may spend a semester or summer at the Burren College of Art, Ballyvaughn, County Clare, Ireland. Burren provides students with personal studio space, one-to-one tutorials with faculty, and housing on site. Courses are available in drawing, painting, photography and sculpture.

The Boston University Dublin Internship program provides students with opportunities to work and study in Ireland's capital city in fields such as advertising, marketing, public relations, art and architecture, business and economics, health and human services, hospitality administration, politics, and more.

Italy—Studio Art Centers International (SACI) in Florence offers classes in studio art, art history, art conservation, archaeology, and Italian language and culture. Fall, spring and summer sessions are offered. SACI is located in the Palazzo dei Cartelloni in downtown Florence. This location boasts a beautiful gallery/exhibition space, classrooms, a library, offices and studios surrounding a traditional Italian garden. Additional space is situated a few blocks away in Palazzo Jules Maidoff. Students are housed in shared apartments throughout Florence.

John Cabot University, an American university in Rome, offers courses in art history, business administration, communications, economics, English literature, humanistic studies, international affairs, Italian studies, psychology and political science. Internships for academic credit may be arranged. Semester, academic year and summer sessions are available.

Students have the opportunity to study for a year or a semester in a tourist-free Renaissance city through the CIEE program in Ferrara, Italy. It is designed for students at the beginning or intermediate levels of Italian language proficiency. Courses are taught in English.

The ACM Florence Program introduces students to the city’s extraordinary legacy of Renaissance art and culture. Courses include Renaissance art history, Italian culture and studio art. This fall program has a four-week intensive Italian language course and weekend excursions to Venice and Rome. Students live with host families. In spring semester “London and Florence: Arts in Context” is offered. Participants spend two months in each city. The focus in London is on art and architecture, while in Florence it is medieval and Renaissance art, history, and literature, plus conversational Italian.

Russia—The Council on International Educational Exchange (CIEE) offers a semester-long Russian area studies program at St. Petersburg University. Students live in local homes or university residence halls. Classes are taught in English and Russian.

Spain—Albion students have study abroad options in Seville through Spanish Studies Abroad (SSA) and the Council on International Educational Exchange (CIEE). The SSA program offers a series of courses in Spanish language, Spanish and Spanish-American literature and civilization, contemporary Spain, business in Spain, and teaching English as a second language, available for semester or academic year study. The CIEE summer Spanish language program gives students the opportunity to enroll directly in the Universidad de Sevilla and take classes such as advanced Spanish, anthropology, political science, business, humanities and many others. SSA offers homestays or housing in residence halls; CIEE students live with host families. SSA also provides an academic experience in Alicante, Spain, through a program at the University of Alicante. Following a four-week intensive language preparation, students participate in semester or academic year programs in Spanish studies or integrated studies with Spanish students. Housing is with local host families.

CIEE also offers Spanish programs in Madrid and Alcalá de Henares. Both programs require advanced Spanish abilities. Sessions are offered fall and spring semesters in Madrid. Alcalá has a summer program. Housing is with host families.

The semester-long Boston University Madrid Internship program provides work experiences in a variety of areas, including but not limited to: business and economics, advertising and public relations, the arts, film and television, health and human services, hospitality administration, politics, journalism, and international organizations. Courses may be taken in Spanish language and culture and liberal arts. Another Madrid internship program is offered by Educational Programmes Abroad (EPA). Fall and spring semester positions are available in a variety of fields. Students take courses at the Universidad Antonio de Nebrija.

The CIDE/Deusto-Bilbao semester-long program in Bilbao is an excellent program for students with double majors in Spanish and elementary or secondary education. Classes are offered for all international students at the intermediate to advanced levels. Their teacher practicum allows education majors to get some experience in a local classroom. Students live with a host family or in shared apartments.

International Studies Abroad (ISA) gives students an opportunity to study for a semester or an academic year at the University of Granada. Course work focuses on Spanish language and culture or Hispanic studies. The origins of the university can be traced back to the Arabic University of Madraza and is one of Spain’s major intellectual centers.

United Kingdom—Albion offers several programs in England and Scotland. Students attending the academic year program at the London School of Economics can study a variety of subjects, e.g., anthropology, economics, mathematics, operational research, philosophy, political science, and sociology. Participants live in university-owned residences. There is also a summer school option.

A full curriculum of studies is available at five partner universities in the U.K.: the University of Sussex in Brighton, England; and the University of Stirling, the University of Aberdeen, the University of St Andrews, and the University of Glasgow, all in Scotland. Semester, summer, and full-year study opportunities are available at Sussex and Stirling, while semester or full-year options are available at Aberdeen, St Andrews and Glasgow. Albion participates in the Principia Consortium, a special academic honors program offered at Glasgow. All five institutions place students in university residence halls.

The Educational Programmes Abroad (EPA) internship/study program in London offers semester and summer opportunities. Students intern four days per week and take one (summer) or two courses (semester). Housing is in program apartments. The Boston University London Internship program is designed for students to take classes during the first part of their experience and then fully engage in an internship during the last eight weeks. Students in this program live in provided housing. EPA also offers an internship program in Edinburgh, Scotland.

The Centre for Medieval and Renaissance Studies at Oxford University in England provides one-to-one teaching through semester-long tutorials, an integral course of lectures, field trips, and a colloquium. Seminars are offered in art history, history, languages, literature, philosophy, political thought, women's studies, and religious studies. The program is facilitated by Middlebury College in partnership with Keble College in Oxford.

Multiple Countries in Europe—In the Comparative Women's and Gender Studies in Europe program sponsored by Antioch College, students observe firsthand the European women's movement. Participants meet with women from varied professions in five different countries: Netherlands, Germany, Poland, Czech Republic, and Turkey. This fall semester program includes three courses and an independent research project. Students stay in hostels, hotels, and with local hosts throughout Europe.

Latin America

Argentina—The Council on International Educational Exchange (CIEE) program in Buenos Aires offers semester or academic year language programs for Spanish students, beginners through advanced. Other areas of study are also offered. Students attend classes with other international students at FLACSO and at Universidad de Buenos Aires and Pontificia Universidad Católica. During the summer a community public health program, designed to accommodate students with intermediate to advanced language skills, focuses on health care issues from a social science perspective. Students reside with host families during their experience abroad. For Spanish majors, International Studies Abroad (ISA) hosts a summer intensive Spanish language program at the University of Belgrano, where students can study in sessions of one, two or three months.

SSA offers a semester or full-year Spanish language program in Córdoba in the northern part of Argentina. The program partners with the Universidad Nacional de Córdoba (UNC), and courses are available in a variety of subjects. Students have the opportunity to engage in extracurricular activities such as tango and equestrian lessons, internships, or volunteer community service. Students are placed in homestays.

Chile—CIEE offers a semester or full-year program in Valparaiso/Vina del Mar, where students take classes with other international students at the Pontificia Universidad Católica and are encouraged to enroll in regular university courses. Offerings include Spanish and Chilean culture, plus a wide variety of courses in disciplines such as business administration, environmental sciences, fine arts, journalism, music, physics and psychology. Students live with host families and have opportunities for volunteering and service. A summer study option is available through ISA—students can engage in Spanish language and Latin American Studies for one to two months.

Costa Rica—The Associated Colleges of the Midwest (ACM) sponsors programs in Community Engagement in Public Health, Education, and the Environment in San José in the fall and Field Research in the Environment, Social Sciences, and Humanities in the spring. The fall semester has three major components: Spanish language study, introduction to Costa Rica, and a core course taught by a local expert. Students live with families and complete an independent study project. The spring semester is a program for advanced independent work in the natural and social sciences and the humanities. It includes language study (including a homestay), field research, a research seminar and paper.

The School for Field Studies Center for Sustainable Development Studies, located at Atenas, works on sustainable development opportunities for Costa Rica. In this semester-long program, students study the seven Protected Areas and then apply that knowledge to the local canton of Atenas. They also are involved in the local community. Housing is provided in the Center. A summer option is available.

Mexico—Beginning through advanced Spanish students may spend a semester, full year, or summer at the CIEE program at the University of Guanajuato. There are homestays and opportunities for volunteering.

Peru—In the CIEE Liberal Arts Program, students with five or more semesters of college-level Spanish have the opportunity to take courses with Peruvian students, thus learning about contemporary culture in Lima. Participants engage in a two-week intensive Spanish language course before the start of the program. Homestays and excursions to Cuzco and Machu Picchu are program highlights.

A month-long summer study option in Lima is available through ISA. Students can engage in Spanish language, literature and Peruvian culture at the Universidad del Pacifico. Various housing options are available.

Middle East

Turkey—The Council on International Educational Exchange (CIEE) offers students the opportunity to study for a year or a semester at Koc University in Istanbul, a private, medium-sized university located on a beautiful hillside campus overlooking the Black Sea. Istanbul is a multicultural city that spans two continents and offers a unique blend of East and West culture. Classes are taught in English; however, Turkish language study is a program requirement. Course work is offered in arts and sciences, engineering, archaeology and history of art, business administration, economics, history, international relations, philosophy, psychology and sociology. Students live on campus in residence halls.

North America: Canada and U.S.A.

Canada—The Ecole de langue française et de culture quebecoise is located in the Université de Quebec in Chicoutimi, Quebec. This is a semester or summer total immersion experience. Classes are taught completely in French. A number of internships are available during the semester programs. Students live with a host family. Chicoutimi is located in northern Quebec near a beautiful lake.

United States

Albion offers a number of academic internship/apprenticeships, research, and study programs in the U.S.

Beaufort, N.C.—Duke University's Marine Laboratory provides semester and summer courses in marine science, including biochemistry, ecology, developmental biology, geology, oceanography, physiology and systematics. Fall and spring semester options are available. Housing is provided at the laboratory site.

Chicago, Ill.—The ACM/Newberry Library Program in the Humanities (a GLCA-recognized program) is an opportunity for students to do research at one of America's foremost libraries in the humanities.

Oak Ridge, Tenn.—The Oak Ridge Science Semester (a GLCA-recognized program) is a fall-semester program that enables upperclass students (primarily seniors) to join ongoing research projects at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Majors in biology, chemistry, physics, computer science or mathematics are eligible. In addition to their research, students participate in an interdisciplinary seminar and take an advanced course from a resident faculty member from a member college of the GLCA or ACM. Housing is in apartments provided by the program.

Woods Hole, Mass.—The Sea Education Association (SEA) semester is a fall, spring or summer program that integrates science, the humanities and practical seamanship with deep-water oceanographic studies. Students spend the first half of the program at the SEA campus in Woods Hole, MA. Participants then spend the second half of the program on board one of SEA's sailing research vessels. Cruise tracks include the Caribbean and the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.

Six U.S. internship programs are overseen by the Career and Internship Center:

Chicago, Ill.—Two programs are available. The Chicago Center for Urban Life and Culture offers a combined academic and internship experience during which students intern four days per week, take a Chicago communities and cultures seminar, and complete an independent study project. Students live in apartments provided by the program. This urban studies program has fall, spring or summer sessions. The ACM Chicago Program has emphases in arts, entrepreneurship, and urban studies. Students have the opportunity to explore one of these topics in depth, or participate in classwork and projects across these disciplines. The program offers a mix of academic work, including an internship, independent study project, common core course about the city of Chicago, and a variety of seminars focused on the arts and creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship, and urban studies and social justice. Fall and spring sessions are available. Housing is in program apartments.

New York, N.Y.—The New York Arts Program (a GLCA-recognized program), offered in the fall and spring semesters, provides students in the performing, visual and communication arts opportunities not available on their home campuses. Each participant engages in an apprenticeship and in a seminar on the arts. Students work with professionals in a wide variety of areas and live in the New York Arts Program house. Ohio Wesleyan University manages this program.

Philadelphia, Pa.—The Philadelphia Center (a GLCA-recognized program) provides an integrated internship and academic experience in an urban context. Students choose an internship in a school, institution, agency or community group related to their academic discipline. The course work consists of a city seminar and electives. Students live in apartments. Hope College manages the program. Fall or spring semester options or a summer session are available.

Washington, D.C. —Two programs are available. The Washington Semester program at American University offers students an internship plus studies in a variety of areas. The semester program includes an internship, a thematic seminar and an elective course or research project. Housing is in an American University residence hall. The Washington Center for Learning Alternatives provides semester students with an intensive internship experience four and a half days per week and a seminar program. Students live in apartment complexes. Both Washington programs have a summer option.

Contact the Career and Internship Center for more information and to apply for these internship opportunities.

Summer College

Albion Summer College offers undergraduate courses taught by members of the Albion College faculty. As during Albion's regular school year, the program features personal attention, small classes and modern educational facilities—but at less cost.

Albion Summer College offers opportunities to currently enrolled Albion College students to accelerate academic programs, to relax a tight course schedule, or to raise grade point averages. Guest students from other colleges are welcome.

All academic policies are enforced during summer school.

Questions concerning the Albion Summer College should be addressed to: Registrar's Office, Albion College, Albion, Michigan 49224.

Library Services

The Stockwell-Mudd Libraries make available to students and faculty more than 425,000 print books and non-print items, more than 100,000 digital books, over 20,000 electronic and print journal subscriptions, and full text articles from more than 53,000 journals through the library's many online databases. The library is open 111 hours a week. Research assistance is available at the Information Desk 53 hours a week, and librarians also provide help through e-mail, text messaging, chat, Twitter and Facebook.

Albion College librarians have developed a strong program of library instruction to meet the needs of students and faculty and to support the College’s liberal arts curriculum. The instruction program emphasizes information literacy and promotes critical thinking and lifelong learning. The staff offers instruction services that include general library orientation sessions, course-specific and assignment-specific library instruction, and instruction on using specific research tools and the critical evaluation of sources. Librarians work closely with faculty to be certain that the reference sources, research strategies and evaluation methods that are presented address the specific information and research needs of the students in their classes.

Librarians are committed to exploring current and emerging technologies and how they may best be used by our academic community. In addition to books and journals in multiple formats, the library provides access to a wide range of the devices students need to access information and create knowledge—desktop computers, laptops, and various tablet computers and e-readers. We’re also committed to making information discovery more effective through OneSearch, a service that allows patrons to search nearly all library resources with a single search.

The book collections are distributed between two buildings connected by an enclosed walkway: Stockwell Memorial Library (1938) and Seeley G. Mudd Learning Center (1980). The Cutler Commons, located in the Stockwell building, provides interactive study spaces; a one-stop services area for circulation, research help, and assistance with technology; and a café. The Stockwell building also houses back issues of periodicals and the Wendell Will Room.

The Mudd building houses the current periodicals collection, extensive collections of U.S. government documents, the Madelon Stockwell Turner Memorial Room, the Foundation for Undergraduate Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activity (FURSCA), and the Academic Skills Center. The Special Collections Department is also located in the Mudd Building, and contains the College's archives, the Rare Books Collection, and the archives of the West Michigan Conference of the United Methodist Church. These are closed stacks, but access to these collections is available by appointment.

The library website provides instant access to the library catalog, numerous online databases and full-text resources, journal holdings, and research assistance.

The book collections are extensive and provide support across the curriculum. A large collection of classic and popular movies is also available. The library is a participant in the Michigan Electronic Library (MeLCat), an online system that enables Albion students and faculty to directly borrow materials from other participating Michigan libraries. In addition, the library's interlibrary loan service provides students, faculty and staff with materials not available locally.

The library contains a variety of areas for study—classrooms, seminar rooms for groups, carrels for individual study, and comfortable group spaces with movable furniture. The Friends of the Library sponsor a variety of displays and programs, including readings and lectures, and the Odd Topics Society series. These programs offer a public forum for authors reading from their works and for speakers making presentations on a variety of topics.

Information Technology

Albion College has been recognized as a leader in providing technology resources and support to students, faculty and staff. The Information Technology staff provides superior technical skills and customer service to the campus community.

Powering Albion College's high-speed network is a fiber optic dual-Gigabit Ethernet backbone that extends to every residence hall room, public lab, faculty office and classroom. In addition, the College has a wireless network with significant campus coverage. These networks are connected to the Internet via a fractional T3 line. Windows-based computers are the campus standard, although other types of workstations are used for specific applications. All students, faculty and staff members are automatically provided network accounts that allow them access to e-mail, file and World Wide Web page storage. Graduating students are provided with a lifetime e-mail account. As part of campus agreements, students receive updated Microsoft Office Suite and anti-virus software. Technical assistance can be obtained from the Help Desk, or from student technology assistants in the evening hours in the library.

Public computer facilities are available in Olin Hall and Putnam Hall, and an advanced technology computer lab in the Ferguson Student, Technology, and Administrative Services Building is equipped with digital imaging, digital video and wireless capabilities. Dell and Macintosh laptops are available for signout in the Stockwell-Mudd Libraries and in Information Technology in the Ferguson Building. Specialized computing facilities dedicated to particular departments, residence hall computer labs and technology-enhanced classrooms, are located throughout the campus. In addition to classrooms with installed computers and projection, portable media systems supporting classroom instruction are also available in a number of campus locations.

The Instructional Technology department provides support for faculty, staff and students in their use of technology to enhance teaching, learning and research. The department supports a media development lab for those requiring assistance with digital imaging and digital video editing projects, and loaner equipment such as laptop computers, projectors and digital cameras. Online training is available throughout the year to introduce the computer and network systems, Microsoft Office applications, e-mail, graphics, Web use, and to provide advanced information on specific topics.

Administrative computing systems run on Ellucian's Banner, based on the Oracle database system. Most of the College's business applications are run in the Banner system, including registration and student records, finance, financial aid, human resources and institutional advancement. In addition, Web interfaces to Banner are provided for students, faculty and staff.

Information Technology is committed to providing appropriate technology resources and support to meet student, faculty and staff needs. Detailed information on services is available at

Academic Skills Center

The Academic Skills Center (ASC), located in the Mudd Learning Center, provides students with a wide range of support for learning inside and outside the classroom in all academic areas. Students can get assistance with learning strategies, quantitative study, and writing in one of the ASC’s three centers. In addition, study tables offer scheduled times for drop-in help with many introductory courses, and peer tutors can be requested in most academic areas. See the ASC website ( for current information on study tables, to submit requests for peer tutors and to request a study strategy appointment with ASC staff. All services of the Academic Skills Center are free to Albion College students.

Disability Services and Accommodations

The Learning Support Center (LSC) coordinates services and accommodations for students with disabilities. These services are provided in accordance with the 2008 amendments to the Americans with Disabilities Act as well as section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and are intended to remove barriers to participation in the college environment. Sources and forms of documentation for substantiating a student’s disability can take a variety of forms, including a student’s self-report, the observation and interaction with staff of the LSC and information from outside sources. Decisions regarding appropriate accommodations are made through an individual review between the head of the LSC and the student. Reasonable accommodations and services commonly requested include extra time on examinations, distraction-free test locations and classroom note-takers. Course modifications or auxiliary aids that constitute a fundamental alteration of a course or program of study are not extended through the ADA.

Learning Support Center

Learning Support Center staff meet with students who want to improve and adopt effective academic strategies. Common student goals include managing time, mastering procrastination, preparing for exams, and planning ahead. First-year students often seek assistance from the center to bring their study skills up to college level; later these students may continue to utilize the center to “fine-tune” their skills for meeting the demands of upper-level courses. Students may request appointments at any time of the semester.

Quantitative Studies Center

The Quantitative Studies Center provides support for students in all disciplines. Frequently addressed issues include applications of mathematics, logic or statistics in various courses and specific strategies for approaching college-level mathematics courses. The resources of the Center include a collection of mathematics texts that students may check out and a set of computerized self-paced tutorials in algebra and trigonometry that students may use at their convenience. Students can receive help on a drop-in basis, and those desiring long-term one-on-one tutoring in math can be paired with trained student tutors. In addition to these services, the Quantitative Studies Center sponsors a series of workshops. Recent workshops have included such topics as using graphing calculators, solving story problems, overview of important calculus concepts, and preparing for graduate school entrance or teacher certification examinations.

Writing Center

The Writing Center supports every writer at Albion College: our goal is to support students as they work to become better at their craft, from the novice to the already experienced writer. Peer consultants at the Writing Center support writers by responding to thinking and writing in process. Writing consultants work one-on-one with student writers to discuss and brainstorm ideas, develop writing plans that meet assignment goals, troubleshoot research or citation questions, and review rough draft writing at any stage. Consultants welcome and work with students and student writing from across the campus, in a variety of academic disciplines, as well as assisting students with other kinds of academic or professional writing (e.g., cover letters for internships, resumes for job applications, personal statements for scholarships or graduate school).

Career and Internship Center

The mission of the Career and Internship Center is to guide and inspire Albion College students to be actively involved in their personal and career development throughout their academic and professional career. The office creates a supportive career-readiness community of faculty, parents and advisers that equips students to lead lives with purpose and value.

The Career and Internship Center staff provides comprehensive services designed to assist students in exploring and attaining their professional career goals including self-assessment instruments, individual and group career counseling, a career and life planning course, career development programming, job and internship resources, and on-campus recruiting.  Events include: Career Visions trips to network with professionals and alumni, career fair trips, interview fair trips, visits to employers, workshops, presentations, and employer presentations.

Co-Curricular Programs

Albion College offers opportunities for students with interests in everything from computers to art—opportunities offered both inside and outside of the classroom.

Anna Howard Shaw Women's Center—See the Student Life section of this catalog for more information.

Print and Electronic Media—Students interested in writing, editing, layout and broadcasting may wish to take advantage of several campus opportunities. Students interested in journalism may work for The Pleiad, an online campus news source, or The Albionian, the yearbook. The campus literary journal is The Albion Review, which publishes poetry, prose and artwork by students, faculty and campus visitors; it is edited entirely by students. The campus radio station, WLBN, broadcasts on a closed-circuit system as well as the Internet and is operated by students who serve as D.J.s, news and sports announcers, special reporters/interviewers, and station directors. All students enrolled at Albion College may audition.

Art Exhibits—The Art and Art History Department sponsors a series of art exhibits in the galleries of the Bobbitt Visual Arts Center that feature the work of nationally-known artists, art department faculty, alumni and art students. In addition, the College maintains a collection of prints, ceramics, glass, paintings and other art objects that are regularly displayed.

Music—Albion's Music Department offers diverse opportunities for performance and private study. The Concert Choir, Briton Singers, Symphony Orchestra, Marching Band, Symphonic Band, Jazz Ensemble and chamber ensembles are open by audition to all students. Private lessons in voice, piano, organ, guitar and all orchestral and band instruments are available to all students. Off-campus study and internships offer outstanding opportunities in New York, Washington, D.C., Chicago and abroad for students pursuing professional careers in music and related fields.

Theatre—Four major plays and several studio productions are staged each year. These are produced by the Theatre Department and the Albion College Players. All Albion students are invited to become involved in theatre activities. Under certain circumstances it is possible for students to receive credit for their participation. Internships with professional theatre groups and the broadcast media are possible in New York and Philadelphia, and Albion's other off-campus programs in the U.S. and abroad can provide new and different perspectives in the theatre.

Academic Honors and Activities

Albion encourages students to expand their experience both inside and outside of the classroom. A wide range of extra-curricular and co-curricular activities provide recreational and educational opportunities for all students. These include honor societies, honorary organizations, departmental clubs, off-campus study, interdisciplinary courses, performing arts, and more. In addition, Albion provides a complete intramural and varsity athletic program which is described in the Student Life section of this catalog.

Academic Honors

Dean's Honor List—Those full-time students whose grade point average is 3.5 or above at the completion of a semester are named to the Dean's List issued at the close of each semester. To qualify, students must take at least three units in graded courses and successfully complete four units. All course work must be completed on the Albion College campus.

Graduation Recognition—Three grades of recognition are conferred at graduation. For students graduating in 2006 and after, cum laude is granted to those who have a grade point average of 3.50 to 3.74; magna cum laude is granted to those who have a grade point average of 3.75 to 3.89; and summa cum laude is granted to those who have a grade point average of 3.90 or above. Grade point averages are not rounded. A student must complete at least three semesters of study at Albion College to be considered for graduation recognition.

Albion College Honors—To graduate “with Albion College honors,” a student must have a cumulative grade point average of at least 3.5, have completed all four Great Issues honors seminars, and have completed an acceptable honors thesis and submitted it to the Honors Committee by the required deadline.

Thesis Honors—Qualified students not graduating with Albion College honors may also present papers to be submitted for thesis honors. Normally, such students will have a cumulative grade point average of 3.0 or higher. A student whose thesis is accepted will graduate “with honors.” Each thesis must be approved by a committee comprising at least three faculty members, and the committee as a whole must be approved by the director of the Brown Honors Program. Details on the types of theses that may qualify for honors appear in the Academic Regulations section of this catalog.

Honor Societies

Phi Beta Kappa is the oldest of the national honorary societies, founded in 1776. The Beta chapter of Michigan was established at Albion in 1940. Members are usually seniors in the top 10 percent of their graduating class who meet the chapter's liberal studies and residency requirements.

Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society, was founded in 1866 as an honor society for scientists and engineers. The Albion chapter, started in 1959, includes faculty and students who are involved in scientific research. Students who have done research at Albion or in an approved off-campus program and who anticipate a career in science are eligible for nomination as associate members.

Albion College Fellows have attained a 3.7 average for three successive semesters on campus. They must also take at least three units in graded courses and successfully complete four units each semester. Participation in an approved off-campus program does not prevent students from qualifying at the end of the semester after they return.

Mortar Board, a national honorary, was established at Albion in 1941 to honor women who have been outstanding in scholarship, leadership and service. In 1976 the Albion chapter voted to make its membership coeducational.

Omicron Delta Kappa, national leadership honorary, was established at Albion in 1942 to honor juniors and seniors who have actively contributed to campus life and scholarship.

Alpha Lambda Delta, national freshman scholastic honorary, recognizes students who have received a 3.5 average at the end of their first semester and are in the top 20 percent of their class, based on at least three units of graded courses per semester. Alpha Lambda Delta was established at Albion in 1940.

Departmental Honoraries and Clubs

Many academic departments of the College sponsor honoraries in recognition of high scholarship. Minimum requirements for membership in these honoraries usually include: a departmental grade average of 3.0; an all-College grade average of 2.5; a major or minor in the respective department; and sophomore standing, although second semester freshmen are eligible in very unusual cases. The departments and their respective organizations include:

Biology—Beta Beta Beta (national)
Chemistry—Fall Chemistry Club
Economics—Omicron Delta Epsilon (national)
English—Joseph J. Irwin Honorary Society
Geology—Sigma Gamma Epsilon (national)
History—Phi Alpha Theta (national)
Mathematics—Kappa Mu Epsilon (national)
Music—Pi Kappa Lambda (national)
Physics—Sigma Pi Sigma (national)
Political Science—Pi Sigma Alpha (national)
Psychology—Psi Chi (national)
Public Policy—Pi Sigma Sigma (national)
Sociology—Alpha Kappa Delta (national)

Many departments also have their own clubs designed to encourage interest and to supplement the work in the classroom.

Departmental awards are given on a broad range of criteria to students in the form of prizes, honors and other distinctions. Students are urged to familiarize themselves with the awards by contacting the respective departmental chair.

Scholarships and Fellowships for International Study

The national scholarships and fellowships listed below assist students who wish to study and/or conduct research abroad. Because the selection process for these awards is highly competitive, students are strongly encouraged to consult with the campus advisers for these programs during the application process.

Freeman-ASIA—The primary goal of the Freeman-ASIA Program is to increase the number of U.S. undergraduates who study in East and Southeast Asia by providing students with the information and financial assistance they will need. Awardees are expected to share their experiences with their home campus to encourage study abroad by others and to spread understanding of Asia in their home communities. For more information, see

Fulbright Grants—Congress created the Fulbright program in 1946 to foster mutual understanding among nations through educational and cultural exchanges. Each year, the Fulbright program enables U.S. students, artists and other professionals to study or conduct research in more than 100 nations. The program offers Fulbright full grants, Fulbright travel grants, foreign and private grants and teaching opportunities. Brochures, application forms and information are available from the Center for International Education or the Fulbright campus adviser, Dale Kennedy, director of the Prentiss M. Brown Honors Program. The campus application deadline is Oct. 1. For more information, see

German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD)—The German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) is a publicly-funded independent organization of higher education institutions in Germany. Each year DAAD, its Regional Branch Offices, its Information Centers and DAAD professors around the globe provide information and financial support to over 67,000 highly-qualified students and faculty for international research and study. Located in New York, San Francisco and Toronto, DAAD North America advises students, faculty and current DAAD fellows in the U.S. and Canada. For more information, contact Perry Myers, Department of Modern Languages and Cultures, or see

Benjamin A. Gilman International Scholarship Program—The Benjamin A. Gilman International Scholarship Program reduces barriers to study abroad by providing assistance to those undergraduate students who have demonstrated financial need. This program offers a competition for awards for study abroad, for U.S. citizens who are receiving federal Pell Grant funding. Pell recipients planning to study abroad should also apply for a Gilman Scholarship. This congressionally funded program is offered through the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the U.S. Department of State and is administered by the Institute of International Education. Selected by competition, recipients are awarded up to $5,000 to defray the costs associated with studying abroad. For more information, see

British Marshall Scholarships—Established by an act of Parliament in 1953 to commemorate the ideals of the European Recovery Programme (the Marshall Plan), the British Marshall scholarships are intended to enable "intellectually distinguished young Americans to study in the United Kingdom and thereby to gain an understanding and appreciation of the British way of life." Applications must be submitted on prescribed forms available by mid-May from the Office of International Education. The campus application deadline is Oct. 1. For more information, see

NSEP Scholarships—Established by the National Security Education Act of 1991, NSEP scholarships aim to provide U.S. undergraduate students with the resources and encouragement they need to acquire expertise in languages, cultures and countries less commonly taught in the United States. NSEP scholarships can be applied for study in all countries except Western Europe, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Applications can be obtained from the Office of International Education or the NSEP campus adviser. The campus application deadline is Dec. 1. For more information, see

Rhodes Scholarship—The Rhodes scholarship provides for study at Oxford University and is one of the most competitive awards available. Applicants must demonstrate outstanding intellectual and academic achievement, but they must also be able to show integrity of character, interest in and respect for their fellow beings, the ability to lead and the energy to use their talents to the fullest. Forms and information are available from the Office of International Education. The campus application deadline is Oct. 1. For more information, see

Rotary Ambassadorial Scholarships—The primary purpose of this program is to further international understanding and friendly relations among people of different countries. Scholarship applications need to be made more than a year in advance of the planned study abroad program experience. Rotary awards provide for all expenses of most semester and year-long study-abroad programs. For more information, see .

Information on other study-abroad scholarships may be obtained in the Center for International Education.

Scholarships and Fellowships for Study in the United States

The scholarships and fellowships listed below are awarded nationally to undergraduate students who wish to continue their studies in the areas specified by the respective program. Because the selection process for these awards is highly competitive, students are strongly encouraged to consult with the campus advisers for these programs during the application process.

Jack Kent Cooke Graduate Scholarship Program—The Jack Kent Cooke Foundation provides scholarships to college seniors or recent college graduates of high need to enable them to attend graduate or professional schools. Approximately 65 of these scholarships are awarded annually. In order to apply, you must be nominated by our campus representative, the associate provost. For more information, see

Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship—The Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education Program “was established by Congress in 1986 to honor Senator Barry M. Goldwater, who served his country for 56 years as a soldier and statesman.” The purpose of the foundation is to develop highly qualified scientists, mathematicians and engineers by awarding scholarships to college students who intend to pursue careers in these fields. For more information, contact the Goldwater campus representative, Vanessa McCaffrey, Department of Chemistry, or see

National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowships—The program recognizes and supports graduate students pursuing research-based master's and doctoral degrees in science, technology, engineering and mathematics disciplines. "NSF Fellows are expected to become knowledge experts who can contribute significantly to research, teaching and innovations in science and engineering." For more information, go to:

Thomas R. Pickering Foreign Affairs Fellowship Program—Outstanding students who are interested in pursuing a foreign service career with the U.S. Department of State may apply for a Pickering fellowship during their sophomore year. The fellowship award includes tuition, room, board and mandatory fees during the junior and senior years of college and during the first year of graduate study with reimbursement for books and round trip travel. The fellow must commit to pursuing a graduate degree in international studies at one of the graduate schools identified by the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation. Fellows meet annually in Washington, D.C., for a program orientation. Only U.S. citizens will be considered for the Pickering fellowships. Women, members of minority groups historically underrepresented in the Foreign Service, and students with financial need are encouraged to apply. For more information, see

Harry S. Truman Scholarship—These awards go to college juniors with “exceptional leadership potential who are committed to careers in government, the nonprofit or advocacy sectors, education or elsewhere in the public service. . . .” Approximately 80 awards are given annually for support in graduate school. For more information, go to

Morris K. Udall Undergraduate Scholarship—These highly competitive scholarships are awarded to college sophomores and juniors who have demonstrated commitment to careers related to the environment or who are Native American or Alaska Native and have demonstrated commitment to careers related to tribal public policy or health care. Interested students should prepare to apply at least a year in advance of the application deadline. Forms and information are available from the Udall campus representative, Timothy Lincoln, Department of Geological Sciences. For more information, see .


Clifford E. Harris, chair and professor.
B.S., 1991, California State University, Chico; Ph.D., 1997, University of California, Santa Cruz. Appointed 1997.

Craig R. Bieler, professor.
B.S., 1986, Juniata College; Ph.D., 1992, University of Pittsburgh. Appointed 1995.

Andrew N. French, professor.
B.A., 1986, Ohio Wesleyan University; Ph.D., 1992, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign. Appointed 1997.

Lisa B. Lewis, professor.
B.S., 1989, King's College; M.S., 1992, University of Pittsburgh; Ph.D., 1994, University of California, Irvine. Appointed 1995.

Vanessa P. McCaffrey, associate professor.
B.S., 1996, McNeese State University; Ph.D., 2001, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Appointed 2003.

Kevin M. Metz, associate professor.
B.S., 2001, Alma College; Ph.D., 2007, University of Wisconsin—Madison. Appointed 2008.

Christopher E. Rohlman, associate professor.
B.S., 1984, Oakland University; Ph.D., 1989, University of Michigan. Appointed 2001.

Craig N. Streu, assistant professor.
B.S., 2004, Albion College; Ph.D., 2009, University of Pennsylvania. Appointed 2015.


The Chemistry Department has three major objectives: (1) To provide a strong major within a liberal arts framework for those entering the profession of chemistry, biochemistry, or preparing for graduate work; (2) to provide cognate backgrounds in chemistry for biology majors, Premedical and pre-dental students, medical technologists, dieticians, science educators and others who may require chemistry; (3) to provide non-science majors with sufficient background to understand advances in technology, environmental implications of new laws, drug problems and health advances.

Independent study is encouraged both as a part of formal course work and in undergraduate research projects. Faculty work closely with students in research areas of mutual interest. Cooperation with other science departments provides opportunities for interdepartmental studies. Majors are strongly encouraged to balance their science training with courses in the arts and humanities.

Chemistry Department Website

Career Opportunities

In addition to professional work and graduate study in chemistry or biochemistry, a major can establish a foundation for future careers in a number of fields: e.g., engineering, medicine and other health-related fields, law and technically related businesses. Graduate and professional schools in the medical sciences require a strong background in chemistry.

Departmental Policy on Advanced Placement Credit

The following is the Chemistry Department’s policy regarding Advanced Placement (AP) credit.

  1. Students who earn a 4 or 5 on the AP exam in chemistry may receive one unit of credit for Chemistry 121, which will count toward the chemistry or biochemistry major or chemistry minor.
  2. Students who earn a 5 on the AP exam have the option to enroll directly in Chemistry 211.
  3. Students who earn a 4 on the AP exam must consult with chemistry faculty on the appropriate first chemistry course at Albion College.
  4. Students may receive one unit of credit for either a 4 or 5 on the AP exam or for successful completion of Chemistry 121, but not both.

Majors and Minors

Requirements for Major

The Chemistry Department offers two majors—chemistry and biochemistry. The chemistry major requires a minimum of ten units, and the biochemistry major requires a minimum of nine and one-half units in chemistry, plus appropriate cognate courses. Either major is appropriate for students interested in advanced study in chemistry or biochemistry or for careers in other fields such as medicine and health sciences, law, business or education.Consult a member of the Chemistry Department for suggestions of appropriate courses for graduate school preparation.

In either major, the timing of the course sequence is crucial, and students should consult with a member of the Chemistry Department as early as possible in the planning of their major.

Common Core
Chem 121: Structure and Equilibrium
Chem 123: Inorganic Chemistry: Introduction
Chem 206: Chemical Analysis
Chem 211: Organic Chemistry: Structure, Stability and Mechanism
Chem 212: Organic Chemistry: Mechanism and Synthesis
Chem 301: Chemical Energetics and Kinetics

Chemistry Major
Additional required courses in chemistry (4 units)
Chem 321: Advanced Synthesis Laboratory (1 unit)
Chem 327: Advanced Physical and Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (1 unit)
Chem 340: Physical Chemistry (1 unit)
Chem 350: Advanced Organic Chemistry (1/2 unit) or Chem 353: Spectroscopy (1/2 unit)
Chem 356: Advanced Inorganic Chemistry (1/2 unit)
Required cognate courses (4 units):
One year of calculus (Mathematics 141, 143 or equivalent)
One year of physics, preferably Physics 167-168 (115-116 is acceptable)

Biochemistry Major
Additional required courses in chemistry (3 1/2 units)
Chem 321: Advanced Synthesis Laboratory (1 unit) or Chem 327: Advanced Physical and Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (1 unit)
Chem 323: Advanced Laboratory: Biochemistry (1 unit)
Chem 337: Biochemistry (1 unit)
Chem 351: Biophysical Chemistry (1/2 unit)
Required cognate courses (4 units):
One semester of calculus (Mathematics 141 or equivalent)
One year of physics (Physics 115-116 or 167-168)
Biology 300. Those intending to pursue professional careers in biochemistry should, in consultation with their adviser, consider taking an additional 300-level biology course with a lab.

  • All chemistry courses required for the major must be taken for a numerical grade, except those offered only on a credit/no credit basis. Students who intend to apply for entrance into medical or dental schools should not take basic chemistry courses on a credit/no credit basis, and students majoring in other sciences are strongly discouraged from doing so.
  • The department expects that chemistry and biochemistry majors will complete the Chemistry 206 requirement no later than the end of the junior year because this course is a prerequisite for the Advanced Laboratory series.
American Chemical Society certified major: The Chemistry Department is approved by the American Chemical Society (ACS). In order to graduate as an ACS-certified chemistry major, students must take all of the courses in the chemistry major plus Chemistry 337, both Chemistry 350 and 353, Mathematics 141 and 143, and Physics 167 and 168. Course substitutions may be made only with prior approval of the Chemistry Department.

Requirements for Minor

  • Five units in chemistry: 121, 123, 206, 211, and either 301 or 337.
  • Two units in cognate areas: one semester of calculus (Mathematics 141 or equivalent), one semester of physics (Physics 115 or 167). Two semesters of physics are recommended.
  • All courses for the minor must be taken for a numerical grade.

Requirements for Major with Secondary Education Certification

  • Eight and one-half units in chemistry. The Chemistry Department offers two majors, either of which may be used as a teaching major. The majors share a common core consisting of the following: 121, 123, 206, 211, 212 and 301. In addition to these six units, the required courses are: Chemistry Major: 321 (or 327), 340 and one-half unit chosen from 350, 353 or 356 (356 is normally recommended) or Biochemistry Major: 323, 337, 351 and one unit of biology numbered above 300 (except 391 and 392).
  • Four units in cognate areas: Two semesters of calculus (Mathematics 141, 143 or equivalent), two semesters of physics (Physics 115-116 or 167-168).
  • Completion of all other requirements for teacher certification.

Requirements for Minor with Secondary Education Certification

  • Five units in chemistry: 121, 123, 211, 301, plus one unit from 200, 206, 212 or 337.
  • Two units in cognate areas: One semester of calculus (Mathematics 141 or equivalent), one semester of physics (Physics 115 or 167).
  • Completion of all other requirements for teacher certification.

Requirements for Interdisciplinary Major in Integrated Science with Elementary Education Certification

Students interested in pursuing elementary education certification may wish to consider an interdisciplinary major in integrated science. The integrated science major is primarily intended for students seeking a broad, cross-disciplinary understanding of the natural sciences. Students completing a major in integrated science are required to take courses in all the natural sciences and also to choose a minor in biology, chemistry, geology or physics. The detailed requirements for the major are provided in this catalog or are available from the Education Department.

Chemistry Courses

101 Chemistry That Matters (1)
As citizens and consumers, we face the question of how we can live responsibly and safely in an environment in which we are literally surrounded by synthetic chemicals. For that reason, chemistry does matter to all of us. This course is concerned with materials which we encounter every day, including foods and food additives, cleaning supplies, fuels, building supplies, pesticides and radioactive materials (e.g., radon). The emphasis is upon what these materials are, how they work, how they can be used safely, and what their impact is on the environment. Chemical principles are introduced as needed. Hands-on microscale demonstrations are used frequently in the classroom. Non-laboratory. Lecture and discussion. Intended for non-science majors. Staff.

107 Chemistry for the Non-Science Major (1)
An introduction to the methodology of science and the basic principles of chemistry. General chemistry, organic chemistry and biochemistry topics are briefly surveyed. Few mathematical skills are required. Lecture and laboratory. Not intended
for the chemistry or science major. Staff.

121 Structure and Equilibrium (1)
Basic principles of stoichiometry, atomic and molecular structure, and chemical equilibria, including the study of weak acids and bases in aqueous solution. Proficiency in algebra is expected. Lecture and laboratory. Staff.

123 Inorganic Chemistry: Introduction (1)
Prerequisite: Chemistry 121 or permission of instructor.
A systematic introduction to the chemistry of the elements; concepts include electrochemistry, solubility and complex ion equilibria. Lecture and laboratory. Staff.

187, 188, 189 Selected Topics (1/4, 1/2, 1)
An examination of subjects or areas not included in other courses. Staff.

200 Chemistry and Social Problems (1)
Prerequisite: Junior/senior standing.
An examination of selected, important social problems which have a technological basis. Discussions focus upon the economic, political and ethical dimensions of the problems, as well as the science and technology involved, and include problems such as the greenhouse effect and global warming, chlorofluorocarbons and the stratospheric ozone layer, chemical and radioactive waste disposal, and the use of pesticides. Risk/benefit analysis and the connection between chemical exposure and biological harm are important features of the discussions. Laboratory work involves the analysis of water samples for trace metals and organic contaminants, using state of the art instrumentation, and will include attempts to assess the validity of the analytical results. Intended for non-science majors as well as science majors. Lewis.

206 Chemical Analysis (1)
Prerequisites: Chemistry 121, 123.
Laboratory course emphasizing the collection, analysis and interpretation of quantitative data, using both traditional and instrumental techniques. Bieler, Lewis, Metz.

211 Organic Chemistry: Structure, Stability and Mechanism (1)
Prerequisite: Chemistry 121.
An integrated two-semester introduction to the chemistry of carbon-based molecules--the molecules of life. The structure and stability of carbon compounds, including: nomenclature, physical properties, spectroscopic properties, stereoisomerism and acid-base properties. The physical and mechanistic understanding of organic chemical reactions, focusing on: substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement reactions. Laboratory involves techniques of synthesis and purification. French, Harris, McCaffrey.

212 Organic Chemistry: Mechanism and Synthesis (1)
Prerequisite: Chemistry 211.
A continued survey of the mechanisms and reactions of organic molecules focusing on aromatic and carbonyl compounds, and the application of organic reactions toward organic synthesis. Laboratory involves team-designed organic syntheses of biologically relevant molecules and/or synthetic methodology. French, Harris, McCaffrey.

287, 288, 289 Selected Topics (1/4, 1/2, 1)
Prerequisite: Chemistry 121.
An examination of subjects or areas not included in other courses. Staff.

301 Chemical Energetics and Kinetics (1)
Prerequisites: Chemistry 123 or 211 and Mathematics 141 or equivalent.
An exploration of the basic thermodynamic and kinetic principles that govern the outcome of all chemical reactions and physical processes. Primary emphasis is placed upon macroscopic chemical thermodynamics with applications to solutions, colligative properties and phase equilibria. Additional topics include kinetic molecular theory; the experimental basis for determining reaction rates, rate laws and rate constants; the relationship of rate laws to reaction mechanisms; and the effect of temperature change on the rate constant. Bieler, Lewis.

321 Advanced Synthesis Laboratory (1)
Prerequisites: Chemistry 206, 212.
An exploration of advanced methods of chemical synthesis techniques in both organic and inorganic chemistry. Emphasis is placed on analysis of the synthetic products for purity and qualitative identification, using FT-NMR, FTIR, ultraviolet and visible spectroscopy. Further identification and analysis is done using HPLC, GC/MS, gas chromatography and LC/MS. Two four-hour laboratories per week. French, Harris, McCaffrey.

323 Advanced Laboratory: Biochemistry (1)
Prerequisites: Chemistry 206, 337.
The study of biochemical laboratory techniques, including enzyme purification and kinetics; gel exclusion, ion exchange; agarose gel electrophoresis; isolation of nucleic acids; and a special student-designed project. Rohlman.

327 Advanced Physical and Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (1)
Prerequisite: Chemistry 206 and 301; prerequisite or corequisite: Chemistry 340.
An exploration of various areas of physical chemistry and advanced problems in analytical chemistry including thermodynamics, kinetics, spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction and quantum mechanics. In carrying out these experiments, students use UV/Vis, fluorescence, ICP, IR, and x-ray fluorescence spectrometers and gain experience with electroanalytical methods, vacuum lines, lasers and x-ray diffraction. Two four-hour laboratories per week. Bieler, Lewis, Metz.

337 Biochemistry (1)
Prerequisite: Chemistry 211; Biology 300 or Chemistry 212; or permission of instructor.
An in-depth study of biochemical structure, catalysis, metabolism and cellular regulation. Understanding living systems through molecular and chemical models. Areas of emphasis include macromolecular structure, enzyme mechanisms and kinetics, metabolic mechanisms and regulation, genomics, and proteomics. Same as Biology 337. Rohlman.

340 Physical Chemistry (1)
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. Normally a student is expected to have completed Chemistry 121, 123, 211, 212, 206 and 301 as well as two units of calculus and two units of physics.
The microscopic or molecular basis for chemistry. Among the topics covered are the use of Schrodinger wave mechanics to examine the energies of atoms and molecules, including structure and chemical bonds; comparison of calculated energies with experimental values obtained from atomic and molecular spectroscopy; and the use of statistical mechanics to calculate thermodynamic variables and equilibrium constants. Bieler, Lewis.

350 Advanced Organic Chemistry (1/2)
Prerequisites: Chemistry 211, 212.
Reinforces and extends the concepts introduced in Chemistry 211, 212 and introduces new concepts, reactions and molecular theories. Taught with one of two emphases: (1) the synthetic course extends understanding of organic reactions, introduces the most current synthetic organic methods and asks students to use their knowledge to propose syntheses of complex molecules; (2) the physical/mechanistic course includes topics such as aromaticity and models used to explain thermal and photochemical concerted reactions such as frontier orbital theory, Huckel-Mobius transition state theory and the conservation of orbital symmetry. Students in both courses are taught to read and understand the chemical literature, then write about and orally present the novel chemistry they have learned. French, Harris, McCaffrey.

351 Biophysical Chemistry (1/2)
Prerequisites: Chemistry 301, 337.
Examination of the physical chemistry of macromolecules in living systems. A study of thermodynamics, kinetics, ligand binding and spectroscopy related to the understanding of macromolecular structure and function. Rohlman.

353 Spectroscopy (1/2)
Prerequisite: Chemistry 340.
General principles and theories of light absorption and emission at the molecular level, including the application of symmetry and group theory. Detailed applications to IR, Raman, microwave, UV-visible and radiofrequency spectroscopy (NMR, EPR). Additional topics chosen from X-ray crystallography, mass spectroscopy, photochemistry and Mossbauer spectroscopy. Bieler, Lewis, Metz.

356 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry (1/2)
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. Normally a student is expected to have completed Chemistry 340.
An advanced-level discussion of periodic properties, chemical bonding, and acidbase concepts with an emphasis upon the bonding and properties of transition metal complexes. McCaffrey, Metz.

387, 388, 389 Selected Topics (1/4, 1/2, 1)
Prerequisite: Chemistry 121.
An examination of subjects or areas not included in other courses. Staff.

391, 392 Internship (1/2, 1)
Offered on a credit/no credit basis. Staff.

401, 402 Seminar (1/2, 1)

411, 412 Directed Study (1/2, 1)


Karen T. Erlandson, chair and professor.
B.A., 1992, M.A., 1995, Michigan State University; Ph.D., 2002, University of California, Santa Barbara. Appointed 2002.

Andrew C. Boyan, assistant professor.
B.A., 2003, M.A., 2005, Washington State University; Ph.D., 2012, Michigan State University. Appointed 2009.

Megan R. Hill, assistant professor.
B.A., 2008, Oakland University; M.A., 2012, Ph.D., 2013, The Ohio State University. Appointed 2013.

Katey A. Price, visiting assistant professor.
B.A., 2007, Lake Superior State University; M.A., 2009, Central Michigan University, Ph.D., 2013, The Ohio State University. Appointed 2015.


Communication focuses on how people use messages to generate meaning within and across all kinds of contexts, cultures, channels, and media. It is intertwined with virtually every aspect of our lives and plays an integral role in everything from the development of our personal identities to the processes involved with changing our societies.

Our mission is to provide students with an understanding of communication that will help them fulfill the liberal arts mission of developing critical thinking and transferable skills in order to become educated and ethical members of a global society. Specifically, we provide a curriculum that will:

  • help students understand the importance of communication in a variety of contexts;
  • help students understand major theories in communication studies;
  • help students understand the research process;
  • help students gain competency in presentation skills;
  • prepare students for graduate study in communication studies and/or professional endeavors;
  • prepare students with the communication skills necessary to create and maintain healthy relationships and communities.

Communication Studies Department Website

Career Opportunities

Although this department's courses are within the mainstream of the liberal arts tradition, intended to provide important theory and practice for all Albion students, concentration in communication studies is especially valuable for students preparing for professions such as public service, public relations, advertising, event planning, business, electronic media, politics, education and the law.

Special Features

Internships are viewed as valuable learning experiences, and the department encourages all interested students to explore and pursue these opportunities. Juniors and seniors may participate in communication internships covering areas such as public relations, event planning, broadcasting and marketing, among others. These internships may be completed during fall or spring semester locally, over the summer in areas such as Detroit or Chicago, or as part of an off-campus program such as Australearn, the Chicago Center or Boston University’s London program. Students are encouraged to discuss these opportunities with faculty in the Communication Studies Department for more information.

In addition, the Communication Studies Department awards several scholarships each year through two different scholarship funds. The Bernard T. Lomas Scholarship is awarded to outstanding incoming first-year students majoring in communication studies or a related field, and the William C. Henning Merit Scholarship is awarded to a select group of current communication studies majors who demonstrate academic excellence and promise. The department also sponsors the annual Kropscott Symposium which provides students the opportunity to attend lectures and participate in workshops presented by scholars and practitioners in various communication fields.

The department offers students the option of completing a general major/minor or to specialize with an emphasis in one of three areas of the field: mass media, organizational communication or interpersonal communication.

Majors and Minors

The curriculum for a communication studies major is composed of a minimum of nine units designed around two components: (1) a common core of three fundamental courses, and (2) courses that support an understanding of theories and research in communication studies.

Requirements for Communication Studies Major (9 units)

  • Common Core: 101, 241, 300
  • 3 units from List 1
  • 3 units from List 2

Common Core
All majors must complete the common core, which consists of three units:

  • 101: Introduction to Human Communication (1 unit)
  • 241: Public Speaking (1 unit)
  • 300: Research Methods in Communication (1 unit)

Beyond the core, each communication studies major must choose three units from each of following lists.

List 1 (3 units)
202: Interpersonal and Family Communication
203: Small Group and Organizational Communication
205: Mass Communication
207: Communicating Gender
209: Sport Communication
213: Intercultural Communication
215: Social Media
242: Professional Communication
287, 288, 289 Selected Topics (1/4, 1/2, 1)

List 2 (3 units): All 300-level courses have a prerequisite of Communication 101 and at least one 200-level course.
303: Organizational Culture and Communication
306: Public Relations
311: Environmental Communication            
314: Other Side of Interpersonal Communication
322: Communication Theory and Research
351: Persuasion
365: Media Theory    
387, 388, 389 Selected Topics (1/4, 1/2, 1)
391, 392 Internship (1/2, 1)

All 287-289 and 387-389 courses (Selected Topics) offered will be accepted as electives toward the major. Students may complete multiple Selected Topics courses and count them toward the major, but may not complete the same course more than once. In addition, internships (391, 392) and directed studies (411, 412) may be counted toward the major if they are approved by the department in advance and are taken within the Communication Studies Department (as Communication Studies 391, 392, 411, or 412).

Requirements for Communication Studies Major with Professional Communication and Production Emphasis (9 units)

Students may also choose the professional communication and production emphasis listed below.

  • Common Core: 101, 241, 300
  • 3 units taken from 205, 306, 351, 365, or internship
  • 3 units taken from English: 207, 208, 306, 308, 309, 301, 311, 312, and 313

Requirements for Minor

A minimum of six units including:

  • Common Core: 101, 241, 300
  • 2 units from List 1
  • 1 unit from List 2

Communication Studies Courses

101 Introduction to Human Communication (1)
An introduction to the study of communication. Students investigate communication theory, models, symbols and signs, verbal and nonverbal communication, interpersonal communication, group communication, organizational communication, mass communication, communication ethics and new communication technologies. Staff.

187, 188, 189 Selected Topics (1/4, 1/2, 1)
An examination of subjects or areas not included in other courses. Staff.

202 Interpersonal and Family Communication (1)
An investigation of the role communication plays in the formation, maintenance and dissolution of interpersonal and family relationships. Topics include the nature of communicators and communication environments, interaction rules, rituals and intimate dialogue in family systems. Erlandson.

203 Small Group and Organizational Communication (1)
An overview of research and theory in small group and organizational communication from a historical and cultural perspective. Particular attention will be paid to communication and decision-making, and communication and organizational culture. Staff.

205 Mass Communication (1)
An introduction to the different modes of mass communication--from the printing press to the Internet--from historical and cultural perspectives in order to understand the impact of mass communication on society. Topics include mass communication's production and reproduction of cultural mores and values, and the controversy surrounding media "effects." Staff.

207 Communicating Gender (1)
An exploration of the ways in which gender and communication interact. Students are introduced to research in the field and observe and analyze the ways in which our cultural construction of gender impacts on how we communicate and judge the communication of others. Erlandson, Staff.

209 Sport Communication (1)
An examination of the role of communication in sports contexts. Students investigate communication theory and models and consider how communication in sports functions within a contemporary culture. Includes exploration of the media environment as well as culture in and around sport. Boyan.

213 Intercultural Communication (1)
An exploration of the role communication plays in defining and sustaining culture both globally and locally. By applying current research and theories in intercultural communication, students are introduced to major topics pertaining to communication between cultures. Topics include, but are not limited to: the way a culture's deep meaning structure impacts the way people communicate, culture-specific verbal and nonverbal norms, advice on verbal and nonverbal behavior when doing business internationally, adjusting to culture shock and exploring various subcultures in the United States. Erlandson.

241 Public Speaking (1)
A theoretical and practical study of speaking in public. Students are introduced to classical and contemporary critical standards of excellence in oral style and delivery, while they develop skills in the art of speaking effectively in informational and persuasive situations. Staff.

242 Professional Communication (1)
Prerequisite: For students in the Carl A. Gerstacker Institute for Business and Management, or permission of instructor.
Focuses on individual communication skills that enhance professional and career development, including skills needed in the business world. Develops writing skills, presentation skills, and the ability to communicate and work with others. Erlandson, Staff.

287, 288, 289 Selected Topics (1/4, 1/2, 1)
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.
An examination of subjects or areas not included in other courses. Staff.

300 Communication Research Methods (1)
Prerequisites: Communication Studies 101 and at least one 200-level communication studies course.
Provides an overview of the concepts and tools by which communication research is designed, conducted, interpreted, and critically evaluated. Aims to help students become knowledgeable consumers and producers of quantitative and qualitative communication research. Hill.

303 Organizational Culture and Communication (1)
Provides an understanding of organizational communication theories and practices associated with organizational culture. Focuses on how organizational culture is created, maintained and changed through communication practices and processes within organizations and through organizations’ adaptation to the changing external environment. Includes practice in communicatively grounded organizational cultural analyses through research projects. Staff.

306 Public Relations (1)
A theoretical and practical examination of the public relations field, including internal and external communications as well as media relations. Students occasionally gain practical experience by participating in a major campaign. Staff.

311 Environmental Communication (1)
A study of how the natural environment is socially constructed through its representation in word and image. After introducing students to fundamental environmental terminology, the course will consider a number of key environmental communicators, their ideological positions, and how they shape their messages. This will be followed by a discussion of audiences and environmental communication ethics. Offered occasionally. Staff.

314 The Other Side of Interpersonal Communication (1)
Interpersonal communication has numerous outcomes—constructive and destructive, functional and dysfunctional, pleasurable and painful. This course examines several of these “other” aspects of communication. Topics include deception, jealousy, gossip, revenge, relational conflict, infidelity, sexual coercion, and psychological abuse, among others. Staff.

322 Communication Theory and Research (1)
Prerequisites: Communication Studies 101 plus one other Communication Studies course, or permission of instructor.
The capstone course in communication studies. Designed to help students critically analyze what they have learned in previous classes and to actively build on that body of knowledge through personal research. Examines major theories from all corners of the communication discipline and evaluates the utility of those theories. Includes a research project on a topic of the student’s choice. Staff.

351 Persuasion (1)
A theoretical analysis of the process of influencing belief, attitude or behavior through appeals to reason, emotion and ethos. Students investigate experimental and rhetorical theories in the field and the ethical considerations of persuasion. Staff.

365 Media Theory (1)
Prerequisite: Communication Studies 205 or permission of instructor.
An investigation of both critical and social scientific theories that examine the mass media's (potential) effects on audiences. Social scientific theory and research and the controversies surrounding them in the area of media "effects" are reviewed and evaluated to determine the efficacy of claims such as causal relationships between images of violence and real-world occurrences. Critical theory and research will also be investigated to determine if media create, perpetuate and sustain certain (sometimes objectionable) ideologies. Staff.

387, 388, 389 Selected Topics (1/4, 1/2, 1)
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.
An examination of subjects or areas not included in other courses. Staff.

391, 392 Internship (1/2, 1)
Offered on a credit/no credit basis. Staff.

401, 402 Seminar (1/2, 1)
Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing and permission of instructor.
A detailed study of significant and relevant problems in communication studies. Specific topic for consideration will be determined before registration. Staff.

411, 412 Directed Study (1/2, 1)

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