101 Introduction to Philosophy (1)
A study of the basic methods, controversial problems and philosophical systems, with special consideration given to the relation of philosophy to other disciplines. Because of the central role of argument and evidence in philosophical inquiry, this course is an introduction to conceptual clarification, logical analysis and general critical thinking. Examines topics such as knowledge and skepticism, the mind-body problem, personal identity, moral relativism, moral responsibility, free will and determinism, power, social justice, racism, sexism, violence, war, the existence of God, the existence of theoretical entities. Kirby, Mittag.

102 Philosophy East and West (1)
Compares different schools of eastern philosophy with those of western philosophy in their approaches to important epistemological, metaphysical and ethical issues. These issues include, for example, the nature of the self and its relation to the external world; personal identity; and determinism, free will and moral responsibility. Covers similarities and differences in the philosophical questions asked, arguments given and methodologies adopted by both eastern and western philosophers. Madhok.

103, 104 Selected Topics (1 each)
An introduction to philosophy through the critical examination of a particular problem or theme. Examples of possible topics: "Philosophies of life," "Literature as philosophy," "Personal values," "Philosophy for the future." Designed for the general student who desires a less technical introduction to philosophy than is given in 101. Staff.

107 Logic and Critical Reasoning (1)
A study of the basic conceptual tools used to recognize, evaluate and express arguments. Designed for the student who wishes to reason more effectively and critically. Topics: inductive and deductive standards, truth, validity, fallacies, paradoxes, regresses, counterexamples, analogies, reductios, definitions, sophistries. Mittag.

201 Ethics (1)
An examination and evaluation of some of the major ethical theories, both classical and contemporary, and the application of these theories to a current moral problem. Madhok.

202 Social Philosophy (1)
An issues and historically oriented introduction to a broad range of philosophical subject matter and methodologies through a clarification and analysis of argumentation used to justify selected social and political institutions and practices--e.g.,individual liberties, properties of personhood, the nature of the state, obligations and rights, etc. Cline.

205 Foundations of Political Philosophy (1)
An introductory survey of the leading political philosophers of antiquity, the Middle Ages and the early modern period, from Plato to Hobbes, with a view to illuminating Western contributions to the discussion of basic political concepts such as power, right, sovereignty, consent, obligation and human nature. Staff.

206 Contemporary Moral Problems (1)
An introduction to a broad range of philosophical subjects and methodologies through an examination and analysis of contemporary moral problems--e.g., abortion, euthanasia, genetic engineering, sexual morality, gender and racial discrimination, corporate crime, pornography and censorship, the death penalty, ecology, world hunger, etc. Madhok.

211 Ancient Philosophy (1)
A survey of the beginnings of western philosophical thought focusing on the writings of the Presocratics, Plato, Aristotle and others. Kirby.

212 Modern Philosophy (1)
Philosophical thought in the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, focusing on the writings of such philosophers as Descartes, Leibnitz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Kant, Hegel, Kierkegaard and Nietzsche. Kirby.

214 Twentieth Century Philosophy (1)
Major movements in and methods of  contemporary philosophical thinking with special attention to the analytic and existential thinkers. Offered in alternate years. Kirby.

215 Philosophy of Art (1)
An examination of issues in modern and contemporary art of interest to artists, the art public and philosophers of art. The object of the course is to provide representative tools of analysis and evaluation sufficient to enable a person to avoid both closemindedness and unreflective acceptance in encounters with difficult aspects of art in the twenty-first century. Covers topics such as: the creative, social, economic and gender dimensions of art; the integrity and responsibilities of the art audience; aesthetics and art criticism; kitsch and "bad art"; art and language; divine madness; the creative process; mysticism and the unconscious. Staff.

220 Philosophy and History of Science (1)
Considers the following questions: What is science? What is scientific explanation? What are the ontological commitments of a scientist? To what extent does the culture of a scientific community affect results of that community? Kirby.

234 Philosophy of Religion (1)
Same as Religion 234.
Staff.

289 Selected Topics (1 each)
Philosophical examination of a contemporary problem. Examples of possible topics: "The philosophical novel," "Humanistic psychology and humanistic ethics," "Philosophy and the search for meaning in life," "Relativism, truth and morality." Designed for the general student who is interested in studying philosophical approaches to some contemporary issue. Staff.

301 Environmental Ethics (1)
Examines theoretical and practical perspectives on ethical issues in relation to the environment. The theoretical issues range from whether we should assign moral value to species other than the human (and if so, on the basis of what criteria) to whether we have moral obligations to preserve the environment for future generations (and if so, what this would imply for the present generations). The practical issues range from creating incentives for restricting population growth without abdicating responsibilities toward the world's hungry, to the issue of what short-and long-term policies and practices need to be adopted to deal effectively with reducing pollution and hazardous waste while working toward a recycling, sustainable global society. Madhok.

302 Leadership Ethics (1)
Examines the ethical foundations of leadership. Involves an in-depth discussion of foremost leadership theories and their applications to different contexts; critically examines the morally distinct aspects of leadership by looking at the relationships among power, self-interest, and morality; and analyzes leadership from within the ethical frameworks of virtue, duty, and utility along with discussing the ethical challenges of diversity (culture relativism, race, and gender) to traditional leadership ethics. Madhok.

303 Business Ethics (1)
An examination of selected moral problems posed by corporate conduct--e.g., profit-maximization vs. social responsibility, corporate crime and the criminal justice system, business vs. environmental concerns, preferential hiring vs. reverse discrimination, employee autonomy vs. corporate loyalty, deception vs. honesty in advertising, corporate vs. government regulation. Clarification and critical examination of different ethical perspectives for resolving these moral dilemmas. Cline.

304 Ethics and Public Policy (1)
Emphasizes the ethical foundations of public policy. Rights, obligations, justice, autonomy, the nature of the good life: should these play a role in determining public policy, and if so, how? Focuses on the interaction between ethical values and public policy in areas such as health care, law, government, foreign policy, citizenship, education and media. Madhok.

306 Neuroscience and Ethics (1)
An introduction to the dialogue that has developed between cognitive neuroscientists and moral philosophers. Cognitive neuroscience brings to the study of ethics an interest in the way the brain processes information and in the kinds of brain states that subserve thought and action--in short, it is answering the question of what kind of information-processing creatures we are. Madhok.

307 Symbolic Logic (1)
A study of the formal conceptual tools used by modern deductive logic to express and evaluate arguments. This course emphasizes the use of propositional and quantifier logic to clarify and evaluate arguments. Mittag.

308 Biomedical Ethics (1)
The application of major ethical theories to some of the moral problems raised by recent developments in medical technology. Does increased medical knowledge (the end) justify experimentation with human subjects (the means)? How much should a patient be told and who decides? Do parents have the right to give birth to a defective infant and thereby apparently pollute the gene pool? To whom is the genetic counselor responsible--fetus, parent, future generations? Is there a right to die? Who should be the ultimate decision-maker--physician, patient, pastor? Is health care a right or a privilege? In answering these dilemmas, are there any moral rules to follow or does each person decide what is best in the situation? Madhok.

315 Epistemology (1)
Prerequisite: Philosophy 107 or 307.
A critical examination of recent work in the theory of knowledge, i.e., of classic contemporary papers on skepticism, knowledge and the justification of belief. Mittag.

335 Philosophical Issues in the Law (1)
Designed both for students interested in philosophy and for those interested in political science, history, economics, or sociology. Provides an explanation of legal concepts and institutions from the philosophical perspective. Develops in the student: (1) an understanding of some of the major philosophical issues in the law and (2) the ability to reflect critically upon them. Cline.

360 Science and the Self (1)
An historical and philosophical introduction to the Enlightenment conception of self, the growing scientific evidence against it, and the emergence of biologically realistic conceptions of self. Reviews humans’ identification of the self with the conscious mind and the view of the self as a free, rational agent from pre-Socratic Greek philosophy to the present day. Examines recent neuroscientific research revealing how the brain creates a sense of self, fueling a revolution in current thinking about what it is to be human. Staff.

380 Aristotle: A Western Foundation (1)
Considers how Aristotle's philosophy continues to exercise influence today, especially concerning controversies over the nature of existence, identity, the soul and the way one should live. Explores and evaluates the arguments of a philosopher who was the finest pupil in Plato's Academy, the personal instructor of Alexander the Great, and the founder of the Lyceum. Kirby.

381, 382 Readings in Philosophy (1 each)
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. Recommended for advanced students.
Careful and critical study of one or more of the outstanding works in philosophy. Staff.

391, 392 Internship (1/2, 1)
Offered on a credit/no credit basis. Staff.

401, 402 Seminar (1/2, 1)
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. Recommended for advanced students.
Topics of special interest including "Justice," "Metaphysics," "Moral Realism," "Russell." Staff.

411, 412 Directed Study (1/2, 1)
Staff.