Conversation on Community
Richard Longworth, senior fellow of The Chicago Council on Global Affairs and an expert on globalization's impact on the Midwest, spoke with WMUK in Kalamazoo leading up to his participation on the September 11 "Albion Tomorrow" panel discussion.
Signs and Symptoms of Alcohol/Drug Abuse
Substance Use Disorders (as summarized from DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria)
Dependence- recurrent substance use resulting in at least 3 of the following symptoms in a 12-month period:
- Tolerance- a need for increased amounts of a substance to achieve desired effect OR significant decrease in effect using the same amount.
- Withdrawal- as shown by the specific symptoms characteristic of a particular substance OR using a substance to avoid or relieve the particular withdrawal symptoms.
- The substance is taken in larger amounts or over longer periods of time.
- Persistent desire to control the substance use is unsuccessful.
- Considerable time is spent associated with the substance, i.e. obtaining, using, etc.
- Important social, occupational, or recreational activities are reduced or avoided.
- Continued use despite knowledge of having recurrent physical or psychological problems caused by the substance, i.e. depression or ulcer.
Abuse- recurrent substance use resulting in significant impairment or distress expressed by 1 or more of the following in a 12-month period (and the symptoms have never met the criteria for dependence).
- Failure to meet obligations at work, school, or home, i.e. repeated absences, expulsion, etc.
- Using in hazardous conditions, i.e. while driving.
- Legal problems, i.e. arrests.
- Continued use despite creation or exacerbation of social or interpersonal problems.