Document for levels of review

What Qualifies for Exempt (C-1) Review?

Available to Faculty and Community Members Only

To qualify for Exempt Review, the research must meet all of the following criteria:

  • Must not involve pregnant women, prisoners or mentally impaired persons;
  • Must not include survey research with minors unless involving standard educational activities (e.g., educational tests) within the particular education system;
  • Must not include observation of a minor’s public behavior unless there is no researcher interaction;
  • Research must not involve video or audio recording of subjects; and
  • Must be in one or more of the following categories:

Categories for Exempt Review

  1. Research will be conducted in established or commonly accepted educational settings, involving normal educational practices, such as (a) research on regular and special education instructional strategies, or (b) research on the effectiveness or the comparison among instructional techniques, curricula, or classroom management methods.
  2. Research will involve the use of educational tests (cognitive, diagnostic, aptitude, achievement), survey procedures, interview procedures or observation of public behavior, unless the subjects can be identified directly or through identifiers linked to the subjects and disclosure of responses could reasonably place the subjects at risk or criminal or civil liability or be damaging to the subjects’ financial standing, employability or reputation.
  3. Research will involve the use of educational tests (cognitive, diagnostic, aptitude, achievement), survey procedures, interview procedures, or observation of public behavior that is not exempt under item (2) above, if (a) the subjects are elected or appointed public officials or candidates for public office; or (b) Federal statute(s) require(s) that the confidentiality or other personally identifiable information will be maintained throughout the research and thereafter.
  4. Research will involve the collection or study of existing data, documents, records, if these sources are publicly available or if the information is recorded by the investigator in such a manner that subjects cannot be identified directly or through identifiers linked to the subjects.
  5. Research and demonstration projects which are conducted by or subject to the approval of federal agency sponsoring the research, and which are designed to study, evaluate or otherwise examine (a) public benefit or service programs, (b) procedures for obtaining benefits or services under those programs, (c) possible changes in or alternatives to those programs or procedures, or (d) possible changes in methods or levels of payment for benefits or services under those programs.
  6. Taste and food quality evaluation and consumer acceptance studies, if (a) wholesome foods without additives are consumed, or if (b) a food is consumed that contains a food ingredient at or below the level and for a use found to be safe, by the Food and Drug Administration or approved by the Environmental Protection Agency or the Food Safety and Inspection Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

What Qualifies for Expedited (C-2) Review?

To qualify for Expedited Review, the research must meet all of the following criteria:

  • Be of minimal risk to the subjects;
  • Must not involve pregnant women, prisoners or mentally impaired persons;
  • Involve only procedures listed in one or more of the following categories:

Categories for Expedited Review

  1. Research involving materials (data, documents, records) that have been collected or will be collected solely for non-research purposes (such as medical treatment or diagnosis).
  2. Collection of data from voice, video, digital, or image recordings made for research purposes.
  3. Research on individual or group characteristics or behavior (including, but not limited to, research on perception, cognition, motivation, identity, language communication, cultural beliefs or practices, social behavior), or research employing survey, interview, oral history, focus group, program evaluation, human factors evaluation, or quality assurance methodologies.

What Types of Research Require Full (C-3) IRB Review?

Research that requires full committee review may include one or more of the following:

  • Prisoners
  • Pregnant Women
  • Fetuses
  • Mentally Disabled Persons
  • Poses greater than minimal risks to subjects (unless qualifying for Exempt review)
  • Vulnerable Populations (see definitions, below)

This list is not exhaustive. The final decision as to whether an application is reviewed by the Board at a convened meeting is that of the IRB Chair and/or Board.

Vulnerable Populations:

Individuals whose willingness to volunteer in a study or clinical trial may be unduly influenced by the expectation, whether justified or not, of benefits associated with participation, or of a retaliatory response from senior members of a hierarchy in case of refusal to participate. Examples are members of a group with a hierarchical structure, such as medical, pharmacy, dental, and nursing students, subordinate hospital and laboratory personnel, employees of the pharmaceutical industry, members of the armed forces (i.e., ROTC or Corps of Cadets), and persons kept in prison or detention. Other vulnerable subjects include patients with incurable diseases, persons in nursing homes, unemployed or impoverished persons, patients in emergency situations, ethnic minority groups, homeless persons, nomads, refugees, minors, and those incapable of giving consent.

Human Services Committee

Albion College Human Services Committee

From left: Barbara Keyes (Psychological Science), Edward Bujdos, Jr. (Psychological
Science), Yuxia Qian (Communication Studies), Ronney Mourad (Religious Studies),
Len Berkey (Anthropology and Sociology).

Not pictured: Vicki Baker (Economics and Management), Kyle Shanton (Education)

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Career Opportunities

humanservices-220Students who have completed the Human Services concentration may pursue entry-level jobs right out of college, or they may go on to graduate school to earn any number of degrees, including an M.B.A., M.S.W., M.P.H. (public health) or a Ph.D. Careers in human services include counseling, legal aid and advocacy, social justice, marriage and family therapy, social work, child and family studies, health and wellness, community health, healthcare organizational management, policy development, community service, and pastoral counseling.

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