Title:  Point of View: Scientific Imagination in the Renaissance (Program 3 from The Day the Universe Changed) 
Speaker:  James Burke (Virtual) Science Historian James Burke Institute 
Abstract:  The introduction of perspective techniques transforms Europe's use of art, architecture, geography and navigation among others with its revolutionary concept of remote positioning. Available on YouTube. 
Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:30 PM 
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Title:  On God's Number(s) for Rubik's Slide 
Speaker:  Brittany Shelton Ph.D. Candidate Mathematics Department Lehigh University Bethlehem, PA 
Abstract:  Rubik's Slide is a puzzle which consists of a $3 \times 3$ grid of squares that is reminiscent of a face of the wellknown cube. Each square may be lit one of two colors or remain unlit. The goal is to use a series of moves, which we view as permutations, to change a given initial arrangement to a given final arrangement. Each play of the game has different initial and final arrangements. To examine the puzzle, we use a simpler $2 \times 2$ version of the puzzle to introduce a graphtheoretic approach, which views the set of all possible puzzle positions as the vertices of a (Cayley) graph. For the easy setting of the puzzle, the size of the graph depends on the initial coloring of the grid. We determine the size of the graph for all possible arrangements of play and determine the associated god's number (the most moves needed to solve the puzzle from any arrangement in the graph). We provide a Hamiltonian path through the graph of all puzzle arrangements that describes a sequence of moves that will solve the easy puzzle for any initial and final arrangements. Further, we use a computer program to determine an upper bound for god's number associated to the graph representing the medium and hard versions of the puzzle. This is joint work with Michael A. Jones, Mathematical Reviews, Ann Arbor MI and Miriam Weaverdyck, Bethel College, North Newton KS. 
Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:30 PM 
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Title:  Planning for Graduate Study in Mathematics and Computer Science 
Speaker:  David A. Reimann Associate Professor Mathematics and Computer Science Albion College Albion, Michigan 
Abstract:  A degree in mathematics or computer science is excellent preparation for graduate school in areas such as mathematics, statistics, computer science, engineering, finance, and law. Come learn about graduate school and options you will have to further your education after graduation. 
Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:30 
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Title:  Tessellations and Symmetries of the Plane 
Speaker:  David A. Reimann Associate Professor Mathematics and Computer Science Albion College Albion, Michigan 
Abstract:  Pattern, repetition, and symmetry play important roles in the aesthetics of imagery. Tessellations use patterns of repeated geometric shapes to cover the plane. Uniform tessellations use regular polygons to cover the plane with no gaps or overlaps. The polygons in such tessellations can be decorated in such a way to give rise to interesting visual patterns. The inherent symmetry of regular polygons gives rise to tessellations containing symmetry patterns. Example symmetric tessellation patterns will be presented. An explanation of algorithmic techniques for constructing uniform tessellations will also be presented. 
Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:30 PM 
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Title:  Stochastic Optimal Control Models for Online Stores 
Speaker:  Albert Cohen Actuarial Program Director Mathematics AND Statistics and Probability Michigan State University East Lansing, MI 
Abstract:  We present a model for the optimal design of an online auction/store by a seller. The framework we use is a stochastic optimal control problem. In our setting, the seller wishes to maximize her average wealth level, where she can control her price per unit via her reputation level. The corresponding HamiltonJacobiBellmann equation is analyzed for an introductory case, and pulsing advertising strategies are recovered for resource allocation. Paper is available on ArXiv at http://arxiv.org/pdf/1103.1918.pdf 
Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:30 PM 
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Title:  Rational Approximations of $\sqrt{2}$: An Introduction to Isosceles Almost Right Triangles 
Speaker:  David Friday, '04 Instructor Mathematics Macomb Community College Clinton Township, Michigan 
Abstract:  While visiting the Calculus and Physical Sciences Tutorial Lab at Grand Rapids Community College, a question was posed: for what values of $n$ will the sum of the first $n$ positive integers be a perfect square? A thorough investigation of the problem and the introduction of the concept of an isosceles "almost" right triangle yielded a number of interesting results. One of the results involves a sequence of rational numbers that converges to $\sqrt{2}$, yielding some excellent approximations. 
Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:30 PM 
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Title:  Opt Art 
Speaker:  Robert Bosch Mathematics Oberlin College Oberlin, Ohio 
Abstract:  Optimization is the branch of mathematics concerned with optimal performancefinding the best way to complete a task. It has been put to good use in a great number of diverse disciplines: advertising, agriculture, biology, business, economics, engineering, manufacturing, medicine, telecommunications, and transportation (to name but a few). In this lecture, we will showcase its amazing utility by demonstrating its applicability in the area of visual art, which at first glance would seem to have no use for it whatsoever! We will begin by describing how to use integer programming to construct a portrait out of complete sets of double nine dominoes. We will then describe how high quality solutions to certain largescale traveling salesman problems can lead to beautiful continuous line drawings. We will conclude by presenting other examples of Opt Artart constructed with the assistance of mathematical optimization techniques. 
Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:30 PM 
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Title:  Skolem, Langford, Extended, and NearSkolem Sequences, Oh My! 
Speaker:  Heather Jordon Associate Editor Mathematical Reviews Ann Arbor, MI 
Abstract:  A Skolem sequence of order $t$ is a sequence $2t$ integers such that each integer between 1 and $t$ appears twice and two instances of the integer $k$ are $k$ apart. For example, 5242354311 is a Skolem sequence of order 5. These sequences, and their generalizations, are very interesting from a combinatorial point of view and have many applications. In this talk, we will discuss Skolem sequences and some generalizations: extended, Langford, and nearSkolem sequences. We will also discuss a few applications of these sequences, including integer partitioning and graph decompositions. 
Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:30 PM 
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Title:  Symmetry + Cardboard = Sculpture 
Speaker:  George W. Hart Sculptor and Mathematician New York, New York 
Abstract:  George Hart, the designer of the sculpture Comet!, which hangs in the science complex atrium, will return to Albion for a handson workshop on mathematical sculpture. During his visit to Albion, he will lead participants in a hands on construction of a brand new never seen geometrical sculpture. During the workshop, the mathematical ideas behind the sculpture will be explained and participants will build their own personal sculpture with playing cards. For other examples of his work, see georgehart.com. 
Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:30 PM 
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Title:  Math in my World (Business to Politics) 
Speaker:  Art Kale, '71 Calhoun County Commissioner, Board Chair Calhoun County Albion, Michigan 
Abstract:  
Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:30 PM 
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Title:  What does Fairness have to do with Cake and Chicken? 
Speaker:  Michael A. Jones Associate Editor Mathematical Reviews Ann Arbor, MI 
Abstract:  The Adjusted Winner procedure is a fair division procedure used to divide contested items between two people so that the allocation satisfies three desirable properties (efficiency, equitability, and envyfreeness). After reviewing these properties and the procedure, I'll explain how the procedure is related to cake cutting. Further, exploiting information and manipulating the Adjusted Winner procedure is an example of the game of Chicken. This talk combines ideas from two previously published papers: Michael A. Jones and Stanley F. Cohen, Fairness: How to Achieve It and How to Optimize in a FairDivision Procedure, Mathematics Teacher 94 (3) 2004: 170174. and Michael A. Jones, Equitable, Envyfree, and Efficient Cake Cutting for Two People and Its Application to Divisible Goods, Mathematics Magazine 75 (4) 2002: 275283. 
Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:30 PM 
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Title:  YoYo Trick Combinatorics 
Speaker:  Alexandra L. Sovansky, `13 Mathematics Major Mathematics and Computer Science Albion College Albion, Michigan 
Abstract:  Oftentimes, multiple different yoyo tricks can be done sequentially before the yoyo returns to the user's hand. Tricks can be done like that due to the fact that some tricks end where others begin, and vice versa. If we take these common start/end points to be nodes on a directed graph, all sorts of possibilities for mathematical examination open up. In this talk, we will look at how interesting parts of graphs (such as cycles) translate into yoyo trick combos, and also how realworld restrictions on yoyo trick combos affect what we can do with the graphs. 
Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:30 PM 
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Title:  An Introduction to Fractals 
Speaker:  Marc Winter, `13 Mathematics Major Mathematics and Computer Science Albion College Albion, Michigan 
Abstract:  This presentation intends to cover the basics of what a fractal is. Since fractals don't tend to have integer dimensions like we are used to this will include how to determine the dimension of fractals. We will also discuss some simpler fractals that are easy to conceptualize many of these will come from a group of fractals known as the polygaskets. The polygaskets are fractals that are based on recursively using a polygon shape to create them. A prime example of these is Sierpinski's triangle which is a fractal based off of a triangle. 
Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:30 PM 
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Title:  Necessity and Scope in the Logic of Quantification 
Speaker:  Jeremy Kirby Associate Professor Philosophy Albion College Albion, MI 
Abstract:  When I say "Eight is necessarily greater that seven," I state something that is true. In contrast, when I say "The number of planets is necessarily greater than seven," I say something that is false. (We can conceive of a smaller solar system, indeed at times the number of planets is revised.) Furthermore, the locutions "eight" and "the number of planets" seem to pick out the same thing? How can it be both true and false of the same thing that it is necessarily greater than seven? 
Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:30 PM 
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Title:  The $25,000,000,000 Eigenvector 
Speaker:  Dawn Archey Assistant Professor of Mathematics Mathematics and Software Engineering University of Detroit Mercy Detroit, MI 
Abstract:  This talk will describe the mathematics behind Google's page rank algorithm. We will see how Google sets up and solves an eigenvector problem to decide which of the web pages containing your search terms are most relevant. The talk will also touch briefly on graph theory and computational complexity. 
Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:30 PM 
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Title:  The Trivial Owl Bundle on a Goat 
Speaker:  Rachel Maitra Visiting Assistant Professor Physics Albion College Albion, MI 
Abstract:  In this colloquium, we will see how to construct not only the trivial owl bundle on a goat (and a bonus nontrivial owl bundle), but a fish tank that can mirrorreverse your fish. Fiber bundles are more than just something you should be eating for breakfast every day. They can be used to describe and construct forces of nature in this universe and the next. They are also good for hours of pure topological fun. 
Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:30 PM 
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Title:  The Math and Algorithms behind TesselManiac and Tessellations 
Speaker:  Kevin Lee Instructor Math/CSCI Math/CSCi Normandale Community College Bloomington, Minnesota 
Abstract:  Modern computer graphics cards have GPUs (graphic processing units) that can do several hundred million calculations per second. I will demonstrate my new algorithms that exploit this power to create and animate Escherlike tessellations (tilings) of the plane in real time. Besides being fun, the animations dramatically illustrate the geometry behind the tessellations. I will also discuss how parametric equations, symmetry groups, homogenous coordinates, linear algebra, computational geometry, computer graphics, and data structures all come together to create the algorithms behind the animations. TesselManiac is my third major tessellation program, my previous programs include TesselMania and Tessellation Exploration. 
Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:30 PM 
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Title:  Careers in Mathematics and Computer Science 
Speaker:  David A. Reimann Associate Professor and Chair Mathematics and Computer Science Albion College Albion, MI, USA 
Abstract:  A degree in mathematics or computer science is excellent preparation for employment in areas such as teaching, actuarial science, software development, engineering, and finance. Come learn about career opportunities awaiting you after graduation. Slides from the talk are available at http://zeta.albion.edu/~dreimann/talks/careers/careers.html. 
Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:10 PM 
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Title:  Breaking Chaos 
Speaker:  Ryan Huddy Graduate Student Mathematics Clarkson University Potsdam, New York 
Abstract:  In mathematics, chaos can be defined as a deterministic dynamical system which has aperiodic longterm behavior and exhibits sensitive dependence on initial conditions. Surprisingly, such systems can be coupled together and made to synchronize. If their communication is delayed, this chaotic behavior can also be broken and stable periodic behaviors will emerge from the coupled system. Join me as we study the basics of chaotic systems and explore some examples of the synchronization of chaos (with and without delay). 
Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:30 PM 
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Title:  Chaotic Dynamics and Lattice Effects Documented in Experimental Insect Populations 
Speaker:  Shandelle M. Henson Professor and Chair Department of Mathematics Andrews University Berrien Springs, MI 
Abstract:  Guided by the predictions of a discretetime mathematical model, we induced a sequence of bifurcations (dynamic changes) in laboratory insect populations by manipulating one of the biological parameters in the system. In particular, we were able to induce chaotic dynamics. The data from these 8yearlong time series show the fine structure of the deterministic chaotic attractor as well as lattice effects (dynamic effects arising from the fact that organisms come in discrete units). We show that "chaos" is manifest in discretestate noisy biological systems as a tapestry of patterns that come from the deterministic chaotic attractor and the lattice attractors, all woven together by stochasticity. References

Location:  Palenske 227 
Time:  3:30 PM 
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