Britons Receive Teaching Fellowships
Albion College graduates Melanie Kapolka, ’11, and Kristen Karczewski, ’09, are among the first 92 recipients of the W.K. Kellogg-Woodrow Wilson Michigan Teaching Fellowship.
According to the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation, “The three-year fellowship is awarded to promising educators with strong backgrounds in science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Fellows receive $30,000 to pursue a customized master’s degree program that prepares them to teach in high-need urban or rural secondary schools in seven local districts across the state.”
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Mole Day 2004
National Mole Day
October 23, 2004
Mole Day 2003
At the Little Red Lunch Box
6:02 AM 10/23
Herrman, '12, Preparing for European Adventure
Nick Herrman, ’12, found his rhythm right away at Albion by effectively balancing his time in the classroom, in the lab, and on stage. Now, it’s the molecular focus of his research that is propelling the biology and chemistrymajor forward—and preparing for a summer in Europe.
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Summer Research Opportunities
Information on 2013 summer opportunities will be posted soon. To get an idea of what typically is available, the list from summer 2012 is below. Questions on any information contained here should be directed to one of the faculty members.
Summer Research Opportunities - 2012
FURSCA at Albion College - Work with an Albion College Professor for 10 weeks during the summer. Information Session - coming soon, Deadline - coming soon
The National Science Foundation has a list of summer REU Programs - make sure to check the dates because some are outdated.
Searchable database of summer research and internship opportunities from the American Chemical Society (ACS) at http://getexperience.dreamhosters.com
Argonne National Laboratory Science Undergraduate Laboratory Internship Program: http://www.dep.anl.gov/
Various departments at BASF are looking for assistance during the summer months, and there are multiple positions in a wide variety of business groups available.
Candidates should apply online at (http://jobs.basf.us/) to job # 1200108. The deadline to apply is Friday, March 30th. If you have any questions, please contact Sally Almeida ().
Summer opportunities at Pfizer Animal Health Veterinary Medicine Research and Development. VMRD is placing summer opportunities through the Summer Worker Portal, now available to interested students. In order to be considered for a Summer opportunity with Pfizer Animal Health, VMRD, students must apply through the Summer Student Worker Program Job Portal.
In order to be eligible, the student must:
Be legally authorized to work in the US and not require immigration sponsorship
Be at least 18 years of age prior to the scheduled start date
Have completed at least two years of undergraduate studies
Have at least a 3.0 GPA
Be enrolled in an undergraduate or graduate program for the period of time immediately following the summer program
The deadline to apply is March 31, 2012. In order to be considered for the Program, all applicants must meet the 2012 eligibility requirements.
For questions about the links above, please email your inquiry to .
Undergraduate Summer Student Research Award in Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma
Joshua's Wish is a private foundation dedicated to supporting medical research toward a cure for Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma (DIPG). In order to encourage undergraduate students to pursue a career in medical research on this devastating disease, we are offering two $5,000 summer internship awards for 2012. The research project may be basic, translational or clinical in nature but must have direct relevance to DIPG.
Complete application guidelines and materials are available at www.joshuaswish.org or by contacting Bethany Bresnen at . Application Deadline: April 15, 2012
University of California, Davis REU program. UC Davis Department of Chemistry - REU Program - Research Experience for Undergraduates http://davidlab.ucdavis.edu/REU_intro.htm
Summer Undergraduate Research Fellows (SURF) Program at The Scripps Research Institute. Through curricular and laboratory research experiences, the program provides a creative and dynamic environment in which to learn about the power of biomedical research.
The SURF participants identify their area of interest and matched with a Scripps faculty member on one of our two campuses: Jupiter, Florida or La Jolla, California. There are over 200 laboratories across the two campuses conducting basic and translational research; areas of research include cancer biology, cell biology, chemical physiology, chemistry, genetics, immunology, metabolism and aging, microbiology, molecular biology, molecular medicine, molecular therapeutics, neurobiology, and neuroscience.
The program dates are Monday, June 4, 2012 through Friday, August 10, 2012. Start and end dates are flexible and can be adjusted based on the participant’s schedule.
The program provides housing and a stipend of $4000.
The deadline to apply is February 15, 2012. The application is available at http://internships.scripps.edu. For more information regarding the program and the application process, please email: , call: 858.784.8469 or visit: http://education.scripps.edu/outreach/ca/surf.
University of Michigan Program in Biomedical Sciences (PiBS) offers summer programs across many disciplines. You may refer to our website for more information about programs in many differenct departments and programs at Michigan.
Baylor University College of Medicine's Summer Medical and Research Training Program is for undergraduate students who are interested in exploring a career in scientific research. They encourage Ph.D.-oriented candidates to apply. Up to 100 students are recruited for the SMART Program from across the nation.
The Chemistry Department, at the University of North Texas, invites applicants for our Summer 2012 NSF-REU Program. The ten-week program will begin on June 4, and participants will be given a $5,000 stipend, plus housing. Funds are available to help defray travel costs to and from the REU site, which is located at the northern outskirts of the Dallas-Ft. Worth area. http://chemistry.unt.edu/nsf-reu-program
If you are interested, please submit your application, personal statement, transcripts and two letters of recommendation to us by Thursday, March 1, 2012. As stated in the attached flyer, application packets for the program should be sent to:
Chemistry NSF-REU Coordinator
Department of Chemistry
University of North Texas
1155 University Circle # 305070
Denton, TX 76203
Phone: 940-565-4372 FAX: 940-565-4318 or
Summer Research Experience for Undergraduates at Northwestern University
The Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at Northwestern University offers a 9-week, paid summer research experience for undergraduates. The students are paired up with some of the leading research professors in science and engineering fields. Research areas include ceramics, nanocomposites, photonics, nanoparticles, and molecular electronics. While there are many REU programs, the NU-MRSEC stands out in offering students an interdisciplinary research experience. Students currently pursuing an undergraduate degree in science or engineering who are US citizens or permanent residents are eligible. The program dates this year are June 18 to August 17, 2012; Applications are due Feb. 15, 2012. Participants are paid a $4500 stipend and a travel allowance and on-campus housing is provided. For more information, please visit our website:
If you have any questions, please contact our program assistant, Nic Tat at , 847-491-3606.
The online application to the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Summer Undergraduate Research Programs for Summer 2012 is now live. As you may recall, our SURF programs offer your students a great opportunity to get great hands on experience in a biomedical laboratory. Most of our programs are 10 weeks in length and offer flexible starting dates. The online application will be open until midnight, February 15, 2012.Students may apply now at http://webcentral.uc.edu/gradresearch/surf/summerapp.cfm
SURF, a cooperative group of summer undergraduate research programs at UC COM and Cincinnati Children's, provides biomedical research fellowships to talented undergraduate students in STEM disciplines. We seek talented sophomores, juniors and non-graduating seniors in the STEM disciplines to join us in Cincinnati for a summer in one of our state of the science biomedical laboratories, under the mentorship of experienced, caring faculty. We especially welcome applications from students who are underrepresented in the biomedical sciences. Across all SURF programs, we place about 150 students per summer, from all parts of the US. International undergrads who have a student visa to study here in the U.S. are also eligible.
The program features a variety of academic, social and cultural experiences, including our annual Summer Research Welcome Picnic, laboratory tours, research seminars, career counseling, a research poster forum, and one-on-one training in biomedical research techniques.
For more information about our SURF programs at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and Cincinnati Children's Hospital, please visit http://www.med.research.uc.edu/SURF.aspx
Please pass the following information on to your students about a great undergraduate summer research opportunity at the College of Earth, Ocean, and Environment, University of Delaware. Supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation's Division of Ocean Sciences, this REU (Research Experience for Undergraduates) program supports ten undergraduate students to conduct research in marine science. We especially encourage applications from members of minority groups underrepresented in science.
The program will run for 10 weeks (June 4 - August 10). Please go to our website http://www.ceoe.udel.edu/academics/undergraduate/summer/index.shtml to find out more about the program. Student support includes a $5,500 stipend, campus housing, and travel assistance. The application form and instructions for submitting supporting documents are available at https://www.ceoe.udel.edu/academics/undergraduate/summer/summerInternApplication.aspx.
Interns will work with faculty and research staff in a graduate student atmosphere on a research topic in chemical, physical, or biological oceanography, marine biology, or marine geology.
This internship program will take place at the University of Delaware's Hugh R. Sharp campus in the resort community of Lewes, located on the shores of the Delaware Bay and Atlantic Ocean near Cape Henlopen State Park.
If you have any questions, please contact me at (302) 645-4275 or at .
The application deadline is February 17, 2012
We are happy to announce the second year of the Illinois Research Experience for Undergraduates program, with support from NSF and the 3M Foundation. I write now to invite you to urge students to apply to come to Urbana to do summer research. We particularly seek students who have not previously conducted research, are members of underrepresented groups (including women), or are first-generation college attendees. Students who will have completed no more than 3 years of college by June 1, 2012 are our intended scholarship recipients. While we allow post-freshman to apply, it is most likely that post-sophomore and post-junior students will receive highest consideration.
The scholarship provides:
$5,000 stipend for a ten-week stay in our department
$1,000 towards housing in Urbana (either in a dormitory or rented quarters) plus $500 to support travel to and return from Urbana
$ 800 for subsistence
You may use any selection process you find appropriate for selecting students we might consider, but we do require that sophomore- or junior-level undergraduate students have at least two semesters of organic chemistry lecture and laboratory. They should also be inclined to pursue graduate studies in chemistry. For detailed information about the research areas of the individual faculty members, please see http://www.chemistry.illinois.edu/faculty/index.html. Application may be made at the website http://chemistry.illinois.edu/reu/.
Please have students apply as soon as possible. Applications received by March 15, 2012 will receive full consideration.
2012 Nanotechnology Summer Internships. REU programs from a vairety of sites across the U.S. in chemistry, materials, physics and engineering. Surf over to http://www.nnin.org/nnin_reu.html for information. Deadline of Feb. 8, 2012.
University of Iowa Summer Undergraduate MSTP research Program provides highly motivated undergraduates interested in future combined MD/PhD training the opportunity to conduct hands-on research with scientists in a basic or clinical sciences department. http://www.medicine.uiowa.edu/mstp for information.
2012 Summer Undergraduate Research Program at the Univeristy of Kansas is a multifaceted program funded by the NSF and designed for current junoris or well-qualified sophomores who are interested in a chemistry-related career. http://www.chem.ku.edu/research/reu for information.
Summer Undergraduate Research Program at Gerstner Sloan-Kettering Graduate school of Biomedical sciences is a 10-week research program for outstanding undergraduate students who are interested in pursuing a career in biomedically related sciences. Information at http://www.sloankettering.edu
The Office of the Dean for Graduate Education at the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology will host its annual MIT Summer Research Program
(MSRP) from June 10 - August 11, 2012.
MSRP, an institutional effort that began in 1986, facilitates the involvement of
talented undergraduate students in research aspects of the fields of engineering
and sciencesummer program seeks to identify talented sophomores, juniors and non-graduating
seniors from around the country who could benefit from spending a summer on
MIT's campus, working in a research laboratory under the guidance of experienced
scientists and engineers. The program features supervision by an MIT faculty
member and postdoctoral fellow or advanced graduate student; weekly
seminars/workshops; preparation and delivery of a research poster and paper;
individual counseling on academic careers; hands-on training in active,
"real-world" laboratories; and participation in social and cultural activities
in the area.
I am writing to ask for your assistance in identifying underrepresented minority
undergraduates (particularly African American, Latin American and American
Indian/Alaskan Native students) interested in science, technology, engineering,
and math that would benefit from a 9-week,
research-intensive summer program.
Additional program details, applicant requirements and the online application
can be found on the web at mit.edu/msrp.
- Summer Research Fellowship in Pharmacology and Chemical Biology at the University of Pittsburgh.
The Summer Undergraduate Research Program (SURP) provides stimulating and rewarding research opportunities for undergraduates considering graduate education in biomedical research.
The program is administered by the Interdisciplinary Biomedical Graduate Program (IBGP) at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine - a premiere research center in the historic Oakland section of Pittsburgh. The School of Medicine provides an exceptional environment for students to gain research experience under the guidance of internationally recognized scientists.
Information at http://www.gradbiomed.pitt.edu/summer_surp.aspx
We are pleased to announce that the NSF REU site for Polymer Science and Polymer Engineering at The University of Akron will again accept applications for the summer of 2012. This year’s stipend amount is $7,000 and the deadline for applications is February 1, 2012. The attached brochure is primarily for undergraduate students who are currently sophomores or juniors, although we have had a few freshmen. The application and more information can be found on our website: http://www2.uakron.edu/cpspe/DPS/reu.php. If you have any questions please contact me at 330-972-7667, or by email at .
- "Snapshots of Chemistry" NSF REU program at the Univeristy of Southern California (USC) in Los Angeles offeres a broad selection of research groups in inorganic/biochemistry, physical/theoretical, and organic/materials chemistry for a summer research experience for undergraudates. Apps due on March 15, 2012. See http://chem.usc.edu/reu.html for details
Dow Analytical Science Laboratory
Dedicated April 20th, 2001
The Dow Analytical Science Lab is an interdisciplinary analytical laboratory within the Albion College Science Complex that serves the natural sciences and mathematics departments of the College. The instrumentation is used in both faculty and student research projects as well as in undergraduate coursework. The instrumentation found in the lab is listed below, along with a brief description of their use.
JEOL 400 MHz Eclipse Multi-Probe Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometer (NMR)
Technique is similar to MRI. Provides detailed structural information for the identification of organic compounds.
JY 38 S Inductively coupled plasma/atomic emission spectrometer
Determination of concentrations of cations, including metals, at low levels in environmental and other kinds of samples.
Photon Technology Fluorescence Spectrometer (Time-Resolved and Steady State)
Laser excites sample and then the analyte molecules fluoresce at specific wavelengths of light. Useful technique for the analysis of biomolecules and organics. Both steady-state (QM4) and time-resolved (LaserStrobe) analyses are available.
Micrometric SediGraph 5100 Particle Analyzer
Measures the size distribution of small particles in environmental and other samples.
Waters 2690 separations module; Waters 996 photodiode array detector; Micromass ZMD 4000 High-Pressure Liquid Chromatograph/Mass Spectrometer (HPLC and LC-MS)
Allows for the separation and analysis of organic liquids and aqueous solutions. The mass spectrometer is a detector that allows the exact determination of the compound(s) present.
CEM Mars 5 Microwave Digester
Rapid preparation of samples for analysis by instrumental methods.
Varian Cary 300 Bio Ultra-violet/visible spectrometer (UV/vis)
Samples absorb UV/Vis light. The wavelength of light that is absorbed is characteristic of the molecule or ion in the sample. The intensity of the light absorbed is proportional to the amount of analyte present.
Applied Biosystems Gene Amp PCR 9700 DNA Sequencer
Allows for the automatic analysis of gene sequences.
Dionex DX 500 Ion Chromatograph with Autosamples
Identification and quantification of anions in solution, such as environmental samples.
Agilent 6890/5973 Gas Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS) with Headspace analyzer
Identification and quantification of most organic compounds in research, environmental, and other samples.
Rigaku Multiflex X-ray diffractometer
Samples absorb x-ray radiation which is reemiteed by sample as wavelengths characteristic of its elements. X-ray emission intensity is proportional to amount. Used primarily for analyzing solid samples.
One of the benefits of attending a small school like Albion College is the chance to interact directly with the faculty members. The faculty in the Chemistry Department believe that involving students in research is as important to their education as classroom work. The Department of Chemistry has a long history of student-faculty collaborative research. This research is funded through a variety of different sources, including the National Science Foundation and the Foundation for Undergraduate Research, Scholarship and Creative Activity (FURSCA) at Albion College.
Research at Albion College is supported through department instrumentation including a 400 MHz NMR, multiple automated Agilent GC/MS's, UV/Vis Spectrometers and more. The Dow Analytical Lab brings together into one place instrumentation that is used across disciplines.
The results of research at Albion College is disseminated through many different avenues including peer-reviewed publications, student poster presentations at national meetings, faculty presentations at national and international meetings and workshops, and student presentations during the summer FURSCA meetings. In addition to research at Albion College, students often participate in off-campus research programs. These programs give students the chance to experience research in areas that are not explored at Albion College.
Faculty Research Interests
The faculty have varied and diverse research interests. Explore the faculty webpages or email the individual faculty members to learn more.
- Craig Bieler
- Ultra-fast reaction dynamics studied using laser spectroscopy
- Understanding funtional group effect on molecular excited states
- Thermodynamic properties of halogen clathrate hydrates
- Andrew French
- The design, synthesis, and evaluation of Chiral Hypervalent Iodine Reagents as Electrophilic Addition Reagents.
- Cliff Harris
- Development of new synthetic methods using supported oxidizing agents and organoboranes.
- Lisa Lewis
- The chemistry of surfaces, particularly semiconductor surfaces.
- Laser desorption mass spectrometry
- Vanessa McCaffrey
- Synthesis of organic ligands for magnetic materials
- Study of the oxidation of wine
- Research into food chemistry
- Christopher Rohlman
- RNA structure and catalysis
In addition to professional work and graduate study in chemistry, a chemistry major can establish a foundation for careers in a number of fields: e.g., engineering, health-related fields, law and technically related businesses. Graduate and professional schools in the medical sciences require a strong background in chemistry.
Recent Albion College graduates with a degree in Chemistry have found jobs in a variety of fields. A few of those positons include:
- Chemical sales representative (Brenntag Great Lakes)
- Research assistant (St. John Hospital and Medical Center)
- High school chemistry teacher
- Patent lawyer (Dow Chemical)
- Quality control metallurgist (Severstal Steel)
Recent Albion College graduates in Chemistry have also continued their education in a variety of medical, dental, biochemical and chemical graduate programs.
For additional information on careers in chemistry, the American Chemical Society website provides useful resources:
What Chemists Do
Salaries & Surveys
In addition to those listed below, we also post internships and job announcements on the department's Facebook and Twitter accounts.
Here's an article about how chemists are needed in hospitals and medical centers.
Careers in Chemistry (PDF) - Information about the use of chemical education in various careers.
Careers Checklist - Advice on things you should consider doing in your junior and senior years (thanks to Cliff Harris).
Some good "How To" Tips - How to Write CVs, get the most from a career fair. Check it out!
Ann Arbor USA - Career Services
"Off-Campus Programs for Chemistry" is a brochure available from the Albion College Center for International Education. Programs in chemistry are available in Scotland, Tennessee, Ireland, Australia, and England.
In 2006, Albion College dedicated a Science Complex that brings together the Departments of Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Geology and Mathematics to a single location. The complex is comprised of four buildings connected by a 7,000-sq.-ft. atrium. "Science on Display" was a guiding theme in the development of the complex. More than 90 percent of the classrooms and offices have views of the outside or atrium. Windows to the hallway give visitors a glimpse of what is going on in the laboratories and other learning environments. Research space for all disciplines are found throughout the complex.
The Albion College Science Complex is the first building on campus to be built according to the "green building" practices established by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). The complex received Silver Certification from the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Building Rating System. The award plaque is on display on the ground floor of the atrium. In determining whether a building meets LEED standards, the USGBC examines performance in five key areas of human and environmental health: sustainable site development, water savings, energy efficiency, materials selection, and indoor environmental quality.
The Department of Chemistry is housed in two of these buildings; Putnam Hall, which was completely renovated in 2004, and Kresge Hall, which was built in 2006. Major instrumentation used by the Chemistry Department and other departments in the Science Complex is found in the Herbert H. and Grace A. Dow Analytical Science Laboratory, found in the Norris Center of the Science Complex.
Bruce A. Kresge Hall
This building was dedicated in 2006 in honor of Dr. Bruce A. Kresge. Dr. Kresge is a 1953 graduate and an honorary trustee of Albion College.
Teaching labs for introductory chemistry, inorganic chemistry, and organic chemistry are found on the top floor. Downdraft hoods in the intro and inorganic chemistry spaces help to maintain air quality. The organic labs are equipped with 12 six-foot ventilation hoods so students can learn chemical techniques and transformations in state-of-the-art facilities. Research space for organic and inorganic chemistry faculty can also be found on the top floor. All labs have six-foot ventilation hoods, according to the needs of the lab.
Biochemistry research and teachings spaces are found on the second floor. These spaces were designed to share a central preparation space that houses equipment used in both research and teaching applications. Proximity to the biology department encourages collaboration between students and faculty in the different disciplines.
Mark E. Putnam Hall
The building is named after Dr. Mark E. Putnam, a former Vice President of the Dow Corporation and a member of the Albion College Board of Trustees. The top floor of the building houses faculty offices, research labs for analytical and physical chemistry, and an analytical chemistry teaching lab. The second floor has three "Enhanced Classrooms" with fixed projectors for computers, DVDs, and a port to plug in additional equipment.
The department is continually upgrading its instrumentation through Albion College equipment funds and recent grants from such organizations as the NSF, the Pittsburgh Conference Foundation, the Dow Foundation, and the Culpepper Foundation. Instrumentation includes two Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometers, a fluorescence spectrometer, two Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometers (with ATR sampling), macroscale microwave reactor, six diode array UV-VIS spectrometers, and HPLC, GC, and IC chromatographs. Biochemistry is outfitted with a biochromatography system, UV/Vis - fluoresence microplate reader, among other standard equipment, The department also has an extensive collection of pH and specific ion electrodes, field conductivity measurement systems, two autotitrators, and a mercury dropping electrode/amperometric system.
Department and science instrumentation is enhanced by the Dow Analytical Science Laboratory made possible by a donation from the Herbert H. and Grace A. Dow Foundation in 2001. This interdisciplinary instrument facility is housed in the Norris Science Center and contains several pieces of instrumentation such as a 400MHz Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectrometer, liquid chromatograph/mass spectrometer, ICP-AES, X-ray diffraction, a high resolution UV/Vis spectrometer, and a fluorescence lifetime spectrometer.
All of the equipment is used in both teaching and research laboratories across disciplines. Many of the instruments are introduced to the students in the first or second years of the chemistry curriculum.
Albion has embarked on an ambitious plan to incorporate multimedia technology throughout the college curriculum. All classrooms in the Science Complex at Albion College are "Enhanced Classrooms". AV equipment in these classrooms is partially integrated, with a fixed projector and selected devices including DVD players and VCRs. Switching between devices is made easy with an "SP panel."
In addition to the classroom technology, the Chemistry Department has 14 laptop computers each equipped with the Spartan® molecular modeling program for use in both the introductory and advanced chemistry classes and can be used in either the lecture or lab setting.
If applicable; not all sites need a students page.
Faculty and Staff
Clifford E. Harris
Professor; Organic; Department Chair
B.S. 1991, California State University, Chico
Ph.D. 1997, University of California, Santa Cruz
Putnam 364, 517/629-0253
B.S. 1986, Juniata College
Ph.D. 1992, University of Pittsburgh
Putnam 350, 517/629-0295
B.S. 1980, Western Michigan University
Kresge 074, 517/629-0306
A.B. 1974, Indiana University
Putnam 154, 517/629-0276
Andrew N. French
B.S. 1986, Ohio Wesleyan University
Ph.D. 1992, University of Illinois
Putnam 360, 517/629-0250
Lisa B. Lewis
B.S. 1989, King's College (PA)
M.S. 1992, University of Pittsburgh
Ph.D. 1994, University of California, Irvine
Putnam 352, 517/629-0252
Associate Professor; Organic
B.S. 1996, McNeese State University
Ph.D. 2001, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Putnam 362, 517/629-0622
Associate Professor; Analytical
B.S. 2001, Alma College
Ph.D. 2007, University of Wisconsin, Madison
Putnam 366, 517/629-0656
Associate Professor; Biochemistry
B.S. 1984, Oakland University
Ph.D. 1989, University of Michigan
Putnam 354, 517/629-0257
Assistant Professor; Biochemistry
B.A. 2004, Albion College
Ph.D. 2009, University of Pennsylvania
Putnam 356, 517/629-0254
Emeriti and Past Professors
Amy (Beilstein) Bethune
B.A. 1996, The College of Wooster
Ph.D. 2001, Duke University
Paul Cook and Robert Dinniny
Organic Chem. and Analytical
B.A. 1964, Albion College
Ph.D. 1968, University of California, Berkeley
A.B. 1962, Cornell College; A.M. 1964,
Ph.D. 1967, Harvard University,
Visiting Lecturer; Organic, Physical, General
B.A. 2003, University of Chicago
Ph.D. 2009, University of Wisconsin, Madison